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Utne Reader, The Loose Canon: 150 Great Works to Set Your Imagination on Fire [1998]

    110 entries: 95 monographical, 15 otherwise; non-literary items listed here in italics
    Unranked—arranged topically

    Utne Reader magazine devised The Loose Canon: 150 Great Works to Set Your Imagination on Fire [1998]. The list consists not just of books, making room for music, cinema, and television; and, like Kanigel's Vintage Reading or Dirda's Classics for Pleasure, the project seems driven by a goal of offering an addendum to lists of "great books" and other canons. Each two works in the list form a pair whose linkage is often, but not always, obvious. The connections between the paired works are generally quite compelling.

    • The Book of Isaiah_4

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Classics* *Utne* *Great*

  1. Zohar_1

  2. ca. Second-Thirteenth centuries—Aramaic

  3. Lǎozǐ (Lao-tzu) (Laocius)

  4. Dàodéjǐng_11
    Tao te Ching
    ca. Sixth Century B C—Chinese

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Oriental* *Good* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Utne* *Dirda* *Great* *World* *Graphic*

  5. Zhuāngzī (Zhuāng Zhōu) (Chuang-tzu)

  6. Zhuāngzī_5
    Nánhuá Zhēnjīng
    ca. Third Century B C—Chinese

    *Ward* *Oriental* *Utne* *Great* *World*

  7. Thucydides

  8. History of the Peloponnesian War_23
    early Fifth Century B C—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Great* *Telegraph* *World* *Educated*

  9. Hesiod

  10. Erga kai Hēmerai_5
    Works and Days
    ca. Eighth-Seventh centuries B C—Greek

    *Downs* *Magill* *Bloom* *Utne* *Newman*

  11. Vyasa

  12. Mahabharata_13
    includes Bhagavad Gita; ca. Ninth Century B C-Fourth Century—Sanskrit
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Rexroth* *Oriental* *Magill* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *World* *Graphic*

  13. Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj

  14. I Am That_1
    1973; revised 1981—Marathi

  15. Marcus Aurelius

  16. Ta Eis Heauton_17
    written 161-80—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Great*

  17. Apuleius

  18. Metamorphoseon_6
    Asinus Aureus; The Golden Ass
    Second Century—Latin

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Bloom* *Utne* *Great* *Newman*

  19. Hildegarde of Bingen

  20. Scivias_1
    ca. 1151-52—Latin

  21. Elaine Pagels

  22. The Gnostic Gospels_1

  23. Rumi

  24. Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi_1
    written ca. 1250—Persian

  25. Margaret Smith

  26. Rabi'a the Mystic and Her Fellow-Saints in Islam. Being the Life and Teachings of Rabi'a al-'Adawiyya al-Qaysiyya of Basra, Sufi Saint, ca. A H 99-185, A D 717-801_1

  27. François Rabelais

  28. La Vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel_22
    originally published in five volumes: Les Horribles et Épouvantables Faits et Prouesses du Très Renommé Pantagruel Roi des Dipsodes, Fils du Grand Géant Gargantua, 1532; La Vie Très Horrifique du Grand Gargantua, Père de Pantagruel, 1534; Le Tiers Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1546; Le Quart Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1552; Le Cinquiesme et Dernier Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1564; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Thomas Urquhart and Peter Motteux's English translation—French
    *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Hundred* *France* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Smart* *Newman*

  29. Wú Chéng-ēn (Ruzhong)

  30. Xi Yóu Jì_6
    Journey to the West; Monkey
    late Sixteenth Century—Chinese

    *Ward* *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Great* *Graphic*

  31. William Shakespeare

  32. Coriolanus_8
    written ca. 1605-08—English
    *Classics* *Ward* *Adler* *SeymourSmith* *Utne* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

    Kurosawa Akira
    The Seven Samurai
    film; 1954—Japanese

    Johann Sebastian Bach
    Six Suites for Unaccompanied Cello
    composed ca. 1717-23

    Arvo Pärt
    Te Deum

    • Samuel Johnson

    Essays from the Rambler and the Idler_4
    unspecified essays originally published in the Rambler, 1750-2; the Idler, 1758-60; Cowan and Guinness ("Trinity") and the Utne Reader also specify essays from the Adventurer, 1753-4—English
    *Trinity* *Utne* *Dirda* *Newman*

    • Freya Stark

    Journey's Echo: Selected From Freya Stark_1

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Don Giovanni
    libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte; originaly performed 1787

    Alban Berg
    based in part on Georg Büchner's play, Woyzeck; libretto by Berg; composed 1914-1922; originally performed 1925

  33. William Blake

  34. The Book of Urizen_5
    originally entitled The First Book of Urizen, published 1794—English
    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Bloom* *Utne* *Newman*

    • Allen Ginsberg_1

    Illuminated Poems
    1996; poems previously published plus two new poems; illustrations by Eric Drooker—English

  35. Jane Austen

  36. Persuasion_6
    originally anonymously published 1817—English
    *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Guardian* *Zane* *Newman*

  37. Murasaki Shikibu

  38. Genji Monogatari_12
    The Tale of Genji
    ca. early Eleventh Century; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Royall Tyler's English translation—Japanese

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Oriental* *Magill* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *World* *Graphic*

    Ludwig Van Beethoven
    Symphony No. 9 in D Minor
    composed 1822-4

    Gustav Mahler
    Symphony No. 4
    composed 1899-1900

  39. Henry David Thoreau

  40. Walden; or, Life in the Woods_20
    *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Campbell* *Great* *Smart* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Mary Oliver

    New and Selected Poems_1
    1992; selections from No Voyage, and Other Poems, 1963, expanded 1965; The River Styx, Ohio, and Other Poems, 1972; The Night Traveler, 1978; Twelve Moons, 1979; American Primitive, 1983; Dream Work, 1986; House of Light, 1990; plus a section entitled New Poems (1991-1992)—English

    • Walt Whitman

    'Song of Myself'_1
    part of Leaves of Grass; complete work originally published 1855; expanded and revised through ninth edition, 1892—English

    • Muriel Rukeyser

    A Muriel Rukeyser Reader_1
    1994; edited by Jan Heller Levi—English

  41. Leo Tolstoy

  42. Anna Karenina_19
    published in part serially 1873-7 in Rússkij Véstnik; in its entirety, 1877; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky's English translation—Russian
    *Eliot* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  43. Alexander Herzen

  44. Byloe i Dumy_2
    My Past and Thoughts
    published in part serially 1855-9, 1861-2, and 1869 in Poliarnaia Zvezda (Pole Star); and 1857-67 in Kolokol—Russian

    *Bloom* *Utne*

    • Mohandas Gandhi

    The Gandhi Reader: A Source Book of His Life and Writings_1
    1956; edited by Homer A Jack

  45. Paulo Freire and Myles Horton

  46. We Make the Road by Walking: Conversations on Education and Social Change_1

    • The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information_1

    eleventh edition; published in 29 volumes, 1910-1—English

  47. Bill Bryson

  48. Made in America: An Informal History of the English Language in the United States_1

  49. Marcel Proust

  50. À la Recherche du Temps Perdu_17
    In Search of Lost Time; In Remembrance of Things Past
    originally published in seven volumes, two of which originally published as two books each, 1913-27—French

    *Classics* *France* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Newman*

  51. E M Forster

  52. Howards End_4
    *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Zane*

  53. Rainer Maria Rilke

  54. Duineser Elegien_5
    The Duino Elegies

    *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Utne*

    • Dù Fǔ (Tu Fu)

    Eighth Century—Chinese
    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Utne*

  55. Antonio Gramsci

  56. Quaderni del Carcere_1
    Prison Notebooks
    written 1929-35—Italian


    • Subcomandante Marcos

    Shadows of Tender Fury: The Letters and Communiqués of Subcomandante Marcos and the Zapatista Army of National Liberation_1

    Leo McCarey
    Duck Soup
    starring Groucho, Harpo, Chico, and Zeppo Marx; film; 1933

    Stanley Kubrick
    Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb
    film; 1964

    Robert Johnson
    The Complete Recordings
    music album; 1990; recorded 1936-7

    Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
    'The Message'
    music composition; 1982

  57. Pablo Neruda

  58. Canto General_3
    1950; English translation of 'Alturas de Machu Picchu', the second canto, published 1948 in the Tiger's Eye and 1950 in Let the Rail Splitter Awake and Other Poems—Spanish
    *Ward* *Bloom* *Utne*

  59. Clarice Lispector

  60. A Hora da Estrela_1

    Duke Ellington
    'In a Mellotone'
    'In a Mellow Tone'
    music composition; lyric by Milt Gabler; based in part on 'Rose Room' by Art Hickman; 1939

    John Coltrane
    A Love Supreme
    music album; 1965

    Billie Holiday
    Lady in Autumn: The Best of the Verve Years
    music album; 1991

    Amalia Rodrigues
    Monitor Presents Portugal's Great Amalia Rodrigues
    music album; recorded 1956

    Hank Williams
    40 Greatest Hits
    music album; 1978

    Johnny Cash
    The Sun Years
    music album; 1990

  61. James Agee

  62. Let Us Now Praise Famous Men_6
    1941; photography by Walker Evans—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Utne* *Dirda* *Smart* *Deposit*

  63. John Berger

  64. Pig Earth_1

    Orson Welles
    Citizen Kane
    film; 1941

    Robert Altman
    film; 1975

    • Gore Vidal

    United States: Essays 1952-1992_1
    essays previously published—English

  65. Howard Zinn

  66. A People's History of the United States, 1492-Present_2
    1980; expanded and revised through fifth edition, 2005—English
    *Utne* *Harvard*

    Howlin' Wolf
    His Best
    music album; 1997

    Los Lobos
    Just Another Band From East L A
    music album; 1993

  67. Simone Beauvoir

  68. Le Deuxième Sexe_7
    The Second Sex
    published in part serially in Les Temps Modernes; in its entirety in two volumes, 1949—French

    *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Utne* *Great* *Taylor*

  69. Mary Daly

  70. Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism_1

  71. Ralph Ellison

  72. Invisible Man_12
    *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Educated*

    Nathaniel Mackey
  73. Bedouin Hornbook_1

  74. 1986—English

  75. Djbot Baghostus's Run_1

  76. 1993—English

    • James Baldwin

    Collected Essays_1
    1998; includes Notes of a Native Son, 1955 [originally published 1949-53 in varied periodicals: Zero, Partisan Review, Commentary, the New Leader, Harper's, and the Reporter]; Nobody Knows My Name: More Notes of a Native Son, 1961 [originally published 1956-61 in varied periodicals: the New York Times, Encounter, Esquire, Harper's, Partisan Review, and the New Leader; plus two edited 1960 lectures; and part of an essay previously unpublished]; The Fire Next Time [1963]; No Name in the Street [1972]; The Devil Finds Work [1976]; plus a section entitled Other Essays: 36 essays previously published, 11 of which previously uncollected in book form (and including Baldwin's portion of the collaborative book with photographer Richard Avedon, entitled Nothing Personal, 1974)—English

  77. The Fire Next Time_4

  78. originally published Dec. 1962 as 'Letter From a Region in My Mind', in the Progressive; and Nov. 1963 as 'Down at the Cross', in the New Yorker—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne*

  79. No Name in the Street_2

  80. 1972—English
    *Bloom* *Utne*

  81. The Devil Finds Work_2

  82. 1976—English
    *Bloom* *Utne*

  83. Cornel West

  84. Race Matters_1

    Satyajit Ray
    The Apu Trilogy
    three films: Pather Panchali, 1955; Aparajito, 1956; Apur Sansar, 1959

    Abbas Kiarostami
    Where Is My Friend's Home?
    film; 1995

    Naguib Mahfouz
  85. Bein el-Qasrein_2

  86. Palace Walk

    *Utne* *Smart*

  87. Qasr el-Shoaq_2

  88. Palace of Desire

    *Utne* *Smart*

  89. El-Sukkareyya_2

  90. Sugar Street

    *Utne* *Smart*

    Pramoedya Ananta Toer
  91. Bumi Manusia_2

  92. This Earth of Mankind

    *Fadiman* *Utne*

  93. Anak Semua Bangsa_2

  94. Child of All Nations

    *Fadiman* *Utne*

  95. Jejak Langkah_2

  96. Footsteps

    *Fadiman* *Utne*

  97. Rumah Kaca_2

  98. House of Glass

    *Fadiman* *Utne*

    Louis Armstrong and Ella Fitzgerald
    The Complete Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong on Verve
    music album; 1997

    Louis Armstrong
    Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man 1923-1934
    music album; 1994

  99. Chinua Achebe

  100. Things Fall Apart_9
    *Ward* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Taylor*

  101. Edward Said

  102. Culture and Imperialism_1

  103. Jane Jacobs

  104. The Death and Life of Great American Cities_2
    *Utne* *Great*

  105. Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikama, Murray Silverstein, Max Jacobson, Ingrid Fiksdahl-King, and Shlomo Angel

  106. A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction_1

    Francois Truffaut
    Jules et Jim
    film; 1961

    Jean-Luc Godard
    2 ou 3 Choses que Je Sais d'Elle (Two or Three Things I Know About Her)
    film; 1967

  107. Rachel Carson

  108. Silent Spring_8
    originally published Jun. 1962 in the New Yorker—English
    *Downs* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Deposit* *Educated*

  109. Lynn Margulis and Dorion Sagan

  110. What Is Life?_1

    Thelonious Monk
    Monk's Dream
    music album; 1962

    Miles Davis
    Kind of Blue
    music album; 1959

  111. Thomas S Kuhn

  112. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions_5
    1962; expanded 1970—English
    *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Utne* *Great*

  113. James Gleick

  114. Chaos: Making a New Science_1
    *Utne* *Educated*

  115. Kenneth Rexroth

  116. An Autobiographical Novel_1

    • Harvey Pekar

    New American Splendor Anthology_1

    Bob Dylan
    Highway 61 Revisited
    music album; 1965

    Iris Dement
    The Way I Should
    music album; 1996

  117. Gabriel García Márquez

  118. Cien Anõs de Soledad_18
    One Hundred Years of Solitude
    1967; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Gregory Rabassa's English translation—Spanish

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  119. Tony Kushner

  120. Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes_2
    originally presented in two parts: Millennium Approaches, 1990; and Perestroika, 1992—English
    *Bloom* *Utne*

    Aretha Franklin
    Queen of Soul: The Very Best of Aretha Franklin
    music album; 1994

    Marion Williams
    Surely God Is Able
    music album; 1989

  121. Michael Murphy

  122. Golf in the Kingdom_1

    Steve James, Fred Marx, and Peter Gilbert
    Hoop Dreams
    film; 1994

  123. E F Schumacher

  124. Small Is Beautiful: A Study of Economics As If People Mattered_1

  125. Ivan Illich

  126. Tools for Conviviality_1

  127. Ursula K Le Guin

  128. The Dispossessed: An Ambiguous Utopia_1

  129. Starhawk

  130. The Fifth Sacred Thing_1

    Federico Fellini
    film; 1974

    Edgar Reitz
    film series; 1984

    Bob Marley
    Songs of Freedom
    music album; 1992

    I K Dairo and His Bluespots
    Juju Master
    1990; recorded 1960's; music album

  131. Leslie Marmon Silko

  132. Ceremony_1

  133. John G Neihardt

  134. Black Elk Speaks_2
    *Utne* *Graphic*

  135. Anaïs Nin

  136. Delta of Venus_1

  137. Margot Anand

  138. The Art of Sexual Ecstasy_1

    The Clash
    London Calling
    music album; 1979

    The Pogues
    If I Should Fall From Grace With God
    music album; 1988

  139. Dario Fo

  140. Morte Accidentale di un Anarchico_1

  141. Caryl Churchill

  142. Cloud Nine_1

    • Pier Paolo Pasolini

    *Bloom* *Utne*

  143. Miyazawa Kenji

  144. Haru to Shura_1
    Spring and Asura


  145. Riane Eisler

  146. The Chalice and the Blade: Our History, Our Future_1

  147. Susan Griffin

  148. Woman and Nature: The Roaring Inside Her_1

  149. Toni Morrison

  150. Beloved_8
    *Recommended* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Deposit*

  151. Zora Neale Hurston

  152. Dust Tracks on a Road_1

  153. August Wilson

  154. Joe Turner's Come and Gone_2
    *Bloom* *Utne*

  155. Anna Deavere Smith

  156. Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992_1

  157. Jamaica Kincaid

  158. A Small Place_1

  159. Gloria Anzaldua

  160. Borderlands/ La Frontera: The New Mestiza_1
    1987—English; Spanish

  161. Noam Chomsky and Edward Herman

  162. Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media_1

    Rick Goldsmith
    Tell the Truth and Run: George Seldes and the American Press
    film; 1996

  163. Charlotte Joko Beck

  164. Everyday Zen: Love and Work_1

  165. Sogyal Rinpoche

  166. The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying_1

    Matt Groening et al.
    The Simpsons
    Television program; 1989-present

    Ernie Kovacs
    Unspecified selections of several television programs

  167. Viana La Place

  168. Verdura: Vegetables Italian Style_1

  169. Erich Schiffmann

  170. Yoga: The Spirit and Practice of Moving Into Stillness_1

  171. Julia Cameron

  172. The Artist's Way: A Spiritual Path to Higher Creativity_1

  173. Brenda Ueland

  174. If You Want to Write: A Book About Art, Independence and Spirit_1

  175. Dorothy Allison

  176. Bastard Out of Carolina_1

  177. Sharon Olds

  178. The Dead and the Living_1

  179. James Hillman and Michael Ventura

  180. We've Had a Hundred Years of Psychotherapy - And the World's Getting Worse_1

  181. Alice Miller

  182. Das Drama des Begabten Kindes_1
    The Drama of the Gifted Child


  183. Rupert Sheldrake

  184. Seven Experiments That Could Change the World: A Do-It-Yourself Guide to Revolutionary Science_1

    Wim Wenders
    Der Himmel Über Berlin
    Wings of Desire
    film; 1987

    Cesária Évora
    music album; 1995

    Umm Kulthum
    song; 1966

  185. David Abram

  186. The Spell of the Sensuous: Perception and Language in a More-Than-Human World_1

  187. Fritjof Capra

  188. The Web of Life: A New Scientific Understanding of Living Systems_1

  189. Paul Hawken

  190. The Ecology of Commerce: A Declaration of Sustainability_1