Greater Books
*The Lists*
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The Globe and Mail (Martin Levin, Charlotte Gray, André Alexis, A L Kennedy, and Alberto Manguel, eds.), 50 Greatest Books of All Time [2008]

    73 entries: 68 monographical, five otherwise FINAL
    Unranked—arranged topically

    The "great books" list created by the Toronto daily, the Globe and Mail, was edited by Martin Levin in collaboration with Charlotte Gray, André Alexis, A L Kennedy, and Alberto Manguel. Besides Manguel, quite a few acclaimed writers contributed articles, including Mary Beard, Colm Tóibín, and Jane Smiley. This list is essentially what I call a book-as-list, except it took the form of a series of newspaper articles. Those articles are no longer online, though a discussion about the list is (Martin Levin on the Greatest Books Series).

    Read more about the origin of this list at its Macroscopic 2013 page.


  1. Mark Twain

  2. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn_23
    1884—English
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  3. Marcel Proust

  4. À la Recherche du Temps Perdu_17
    In Search of Lost Time; In Remembrance of Things Past
    originally published in seven volumes, two of which originally published as two books each, 1913-27—French

    *Classics* *France* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Newman*

  5. Charles Darwin

  6. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life_23
    1859—English
    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *Deposit* *Graphic* *Educated*

  7. Dante

  8. La Divina Commedia_33
    The Divine Comedy
    originally entitled La Commedia; written ca. 1308-21—Italian

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

  9. Plato

  10. Politeia_24
    The Republic
    early Fourth Century B.C—Greek

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  11. Miguel de Cervantes

  12. El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha_36
    Don Quixote
    originally published in two volumes, 1605 and 1615; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Edith Grossman's English translation—Spanish

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  13. James Joyce

  14. Ulysses_20
    published in part serially Mar. 1918-Dec. 1920 in the Little Review; in its entirety, 1922—English
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  15. Karl Marx

  16. Das Kapital, Kritik der Politischen Ökonomie_12
    originally published in three volumes 1867, 1885, and 1894—German
    *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *World*

  17. Augustine of Hippo

  18. Confessionum Libri Tredecim_23
    The Confessions of St. Augustine
    written 397-98—Latin

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *O'Hear* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Educated*

  19. Niccolò Machiavelli

  20. Il Principe_28
    The Prince
    1532—Italian

    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Deposit* *Educated*

  21. F Scott Fitzgerald

  22. The Great Gatsby_17
    1925—English
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  23. George Eliot

  24. Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life _22
    originally published serially Dec. 1871-Dec. 1872—English
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  25. Adam Smith

  26. An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations_14
    1776; revised through third edition, 1784—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor*

  27. Sigmund Freud

  28. Die Traumdeutung_15
    The Interpretation of Dreams
    1899—German

    *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Learning* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Graphic*

  29. Jonathan Swift

  30. Travels Into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and Then a Captain of Several Ships_29
    Gulliver's Travels
    1726; revised 1735—English

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  31. Gabriel García Márquez

  32. Cien Anõs de Soledad_18
    One Hundred Years of Solitude
    1967; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Gregory Rabassa's English translation—Spanish

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  33. William Shakespeare

  34. King Lear_21
    1606—English
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  35. Immanuel Kant

  36. Kritik der Reinen Vernunft_12
    Critique of Pure Reason
    1781; revised 1787—German

    *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *GlobeMail* *World*

  37. Jane Austen

  38. Pride and Prejudice_30
    originally anonymously published 1813—English
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    Homer
  39. Iliad_33

  40. ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B.C; Cowan and Guinness ("Trinity") specifiy Richard Lattimore's English translation; Mallison ("Smart") notes Derek Jacobi's modern aural version—Greek
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  41. Odýsseia_36

  42. The Odyssey
    ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Robert Fitzgerald's English translation—Greek

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  43. Fyodor Dostoevsky

  44. Brat'â Karamazovy_23
    The Brothers Karamazov
    originally published serially 1880 in Rússkij Véstnik—Russian

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    T S Eliot
    • Collected Poems, 1909-1962_3

    1936; expanded 1963; includes Prufrock and Other Observations [1917]; Poems: 1920 [1920]; 'The Waste Land'; 'The Hollow Men'; Ash Wednesday [1930]; Journey of the Magi [1927]; A Song for Simeon [1928]; Animula [1929]; Marina [1930]; Triumphal March [1931]; Sweeney Agonistes: Fragments of an Aristophanic Melodrama [1932]; Four Quartets; The Cultivation of Christmas Trees [1954]; selections from The Rock; two poems, 'Coriolan' and 'Difficulties of a Statesman', included with Triumphal March and Sweeney Agonistes in a section entitled Unfinished Poems; plus sections entitled Minor Poems, and Occasional Verses; 1936 edition, entitled Collected Poems, 1909-1935, only included 'Burnt Norton' from Four Quartets and did not include The Cultivation of Christmas Trees or the Occasional Verses section—English
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  45. Prufrock and Other Observations_4

  46. 1917—English
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  47. Poems: 1920_4

  48. 1920—English
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  49. Journey of the Magi_5

  50. 1927; illustrations by Edward McKnight Kauffer; eighth of a series of 37 pamphlets collectively entitled Ariel Poems—English
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  51. A Song for Simeon_4

  52. 1927; with an illustration by Edward McKnight Kauffer; 16th of a series of 37 pamphlets collectively entitled Ariel Poems—English
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  53. Animula_4

  54. 1929; illustrations by Gertrude Hermes; 23rd of a series of 37 pamphlets collectively entitled Ariel Poems—English
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  55. Marina_5

  56. 1930; illustrations by Edward McKnight Kauffer; 29th of a series of 37 pamphlets collectively entitled Ariel Poems—English
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  57. Ash Wednesday_7

  58. 1930—English
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  59. Triumphal March_4

  60. 1931; illustrations by Edward McKnight Kauffer; 35th of a series of 37 pamphlets collectively entitled Ariel Poems; later made part of 'Coriolan' in the Unfinished Poems section of Eliot's Collected Poems—English
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  61. Sweeney Agonistes: Fragments of an Aristophanic Melodrama_4

  62. 1932—English
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  63. Four Quartets_10

  64. originally published in four volumes: Burnt Norton, in Collected Poems 1909-1935, 1936; East Coker, in the New English Weekly, 1940; The Dry Salvages, in the New English Weekly, 1941; Little Gidding, in the New English Weekly, 1942—English
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  65. The Cultivation of Christmas Trees_3

  66. 1954; illustrations by David Jones; part of a second series of Ariel Poems—English
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  67. Vladimir Nabokov

  68. Lolita_11
    1955—English
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    --
  69. Quran_11

  70. Koran
    Seventh Century—Arabic

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  71. Charles Dickens

  72. Our Mutual Friend_6
    originally published serially May 1864-Nov. 1865—English
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  73. Jorge Luis Borges

  74. Ficciones_6
    originally entitled El Jardín de Senderos que se Bifurcan, published 1941; expanded 1944 and 1956—Spanish
    *Ward* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Norway* *GlobeMail* *Harvard*

  75. Herodotus

  76. Historiē_25
    History
    Fifth Century B.C—Greek

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  77. Herman Melville

  78. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale_26
    1851—English
    *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Guardian* *Zane* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  79. Gustave Flaubert

  80. Madame Bovary_29
    originally published serially Oct. 1856-Dec. 1856 in La Revue de Paris; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Frances Steegmuller's English translation—French
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    Franz Kafka
    • The Collected Stories of Franz Kafka_2

    1971; includes Die Verwandlung [1915]; In der Strafkolonie [1919]; Betrachtung (Contemplation), 1912; Eine Landarzt. Kleine Erzählungen (A Country Doctor), 1919; Ein Hungerkünstler (A Hunger Artist), 1924; Beim Bau der Chinesischen Mauer (The Great Wall of China), 1931; and other stories previously published but uncollected in book form—German
    *Bloom* *GlobeMail*

  81. Die Verwandlung_14

  82. The Metamorphosis
    originally published 1915 in Die Weißen Blätter; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Stanley Corngold's English translation—German

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  83. In der Strafkolonie_5

  84. In the Penal Colony
    1919—German

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    --
  85. The Bible_17

  86. Downs also lists John Wycliffe's 1382 English translation of the Vulgate; Bloom, Dirda, and the Globe and Mail specify the King James Version, translated 1604-11 to English from the Hebrew and Aramaic (Old Testament) and the Greek (New Testament), revised 1769 by Benjamin Blayney—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
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  87. Isaac Newton

  88. Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica_9
    The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
    1687; revised 1713 and 1726—Latin

    *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Reynolds*

    William Butler Yeats
    • The Collected Poems of W B Yeats_5

    1933; expanded 1950; revised 1956; includes The Wind Among the Reeds [1899]; The Shadowy Waters [originally published May 1900 in the North American Review; revised for inclusion in Poems, 1899-1905; theatrical version published separately 1906; both versions included here]; Michael Robartes and the Dancer [1921]; The Tower [1928]; The Winding Stair [1929]; Words for Music Perhaps and Other Poems [1932]; New Poems [1938]; selections from The Wanderings of Oisin and Other Poems, 1889; The Countess Kathleen and Various Legends and Lyrics, 1892; In the Seven Woods: Being Poems Chiefly of the Irish Heroic Age, 1904; The Green Helmet and Other Poems, 1910; Responsibilities, 1914; The Wild Swans at Coole, Other Verses and a Play in Verse, 1917, expanded 1919; A Full Moon in March, 1935; and Last Poems and Two Plays, 1939—English
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  89. The Wind Among the Reeds_6

  90. 1899—English
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  91. The Shadowy Waters_6

  92. 1900; originally published May 1900 in the North American Review; revised for inclusion in Poems, 1899-1905; theatrical version published separately 1906; both versions included in the author's collected poems—English
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  93. Michael Robartes and the Dancer_6

  94. 1920—English
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  95. The Tower_6

  96. 1928; originally published as Seven Poems and a Fragment, 1922; The Cat and the Moon, 1924; and October Blast, 1927—English
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  97. The Winding Stair_6

  98. 1929—English
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  99. Words for Music Perhaps and Other Poems_7

  100. 1932—English
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  101. New Poems_6

  102. 1938—English
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  103. Galileo

  104. Dialogo Sopra i due Massimi Sistemi del Mondo_8
    Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
    1632—Italian

    *Downs* *Learning* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *Taylor* *GlobeMail* *Educated*

    Sophocles
  105. Oidipous epi Kolōnō_20

  106. Oedipus at Colonus
    401 B C—Greek

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  107. Oidipous Tyrannos_25

  108. Oedipus Rex; Oedipus the King
    ca. 429 B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald's English translation—Greek

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  109. Antigone_22

  110. ca. 441 B C—Greek
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  111. Vyasa

  112. Mahabharata_13
    includes Bhagavad Gita; ca. Ninth Century B C-Fourth Century—Sanskrit
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  113. Lewis Carroll

  114. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland_17
    1865—English
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  115. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  116. Du Contrat Social ou Principes du Droit Politique_17
    The Social Contract
    1762—French

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  117. Michel de Montaigne

  118. Les Essais_26
    Essays
    originally published in three volumes: 1580, 1588, and 1595—French

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  119. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

  120. Faust_26
    originally published in two volumes: first, Faust. Der Tragödie Erster Teil, published in part, 1790; in its entirey, 1808; revised 1829; second, Faust. Der Tragödie Zweiter Teil, 1832—German
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  121. Rachel Carson

  122. Silent Spring_8
    originally published Jun. 1962 in the New Yorker—English
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  123. David Hume

  124. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding_10
    1748—English
    *Eliot* *Classics* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Fadiman* *Great* *GlobeMail* *World*

    • Anton Chekhov

    Stories_7
    late Nineteenth-early Twentieth centuries—Russian
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  125. Leo Tolstoy

  126. Voyna i Mir"_24
    War and Peace
    originally entitled 1805, published in part, 1865 and 1867; retitled and published in its entirety, 1869—Russian

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  127. Mary Wollstonecraft

  128. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman_8
    1792—English
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  129. Giovanni Boccaccio

  130. Il Decameron, Cognominato Prencipe Galeotto_12
    ca. 1351-53—Italian
    *Downs* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Newman*

  131. Samuel Beckett

  132. En Attendant Godot_12
    Waiting for Godot
    1953—French

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *GlobeMail* *Graphic* *Educated*

  133. Murasaki Shikibu

  134. Genji Monogatari_12
    The Tale of Genji
    ca. early Eleventh Century; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Royall Tyler's English translation—Japanese

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Oriental* *Magill* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *World* *Graphic*

    • Denis Diderot et al.

    Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire Raisonné des Sciences, des Arts et des Métiers_7
    published in 28 volumes, 1751-72—French
    *Downs* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Newman*

  135. Henry James

  136. The Portrait of a Lady_14
    originally published serially Oct. 1880-Nov. 1881 in Macmillan's and Nov. 1880-Dec. 1881 in the Atlantic Monthly—English
    *Eliot* *Classics* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Educated*