The Lists
*Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Oriental* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Campbell* *Norway* *Dirda* *Great* *Guardian* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

Russ Kick, ed., The Graphic Canon: The World's Great Literature as Comics and Visuals [2012-3]

    202 entries: 122 monographical, 80 otherwise
    Unranked—arranged chronologically, except for nos. 1 and 36-38, included in the front matter of the first and second volumes, respectively, and nos. 71, 77, 81, and 122, randomly placed within the third volume

    Publishers Weekly named The Graphic Canon the event of the year (2012, when the first and second volumes came out) in the realm of comic/ graphic/ sequential literature. If anything, this accolade is an understatement, as this project does not just offer its own list of great works of literature—specifically referring to them as a canon, which many of our "great books" compilers decline to do—it also offers excerpts from those books, those excerpts being interpretations of the works in a new medium. The quality of the visual work is at times remarkable; and the selection of works is diverse. More recently, the same editor has published The Graphic Canon of Children's Literature.


  1. William Shakespeare

  2. Hamlet_27
    1602—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Taylor* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    --
  3. Sha Naqba Imuru_11
    The Epic of Gilgamesh; He Who Saw the Deep
    Eighteenth-Tenth centuries B.C—Sumerian; Akkadian

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Norway* *Great* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Dayton Edmonds

  4. 'Coyote and the Pebbles'_1
    illustrations by Micah Farritor; part of Trickster: Native American Tales, 2010, edited by Matt DembickiEnglish
    *Graphic*

    Homer
  5. Iliad_33

  6. ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B.C; Cowan and Guinness ("Trinity") specifiy Richard Lattimore's English translation; Mallison ("Smart") notes Derek Jacobi's modern aural version—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  7. Odýsseia_36
    The Odyssey
    ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Robert Fitzgerald's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Sappho

  8. Poems_6
    late Seventh-early Sixth centuries B C—Greek
    *Rexroth* *Bloom* *Dirda* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

  9. Euripides

  10. Mēdeia_17
    Medea
    431 B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Michael Collier and Georgia Ann Machemer's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Norway* *Great* *Smart* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  11. Aristophanes
    Lysistrate_13
    Lysistrata
    411 B C—Greek

    *Classics* *Downs* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Newman* *Graphic*

    --
    • The Book of Esther_2

  12. part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Graphic*

  13. Plato

  14. Symposium_10
    early Fourth Century B C—Greek
    *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Graphic*

  15. Lǎozǐ (Lao-tzu) (Laocius)

  16. Dàodéjǐng_11
    Tao te Ching
    ca. Sixth Century B C—Chinese

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Oriental* *Good* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Utne* *Dirda* *Great* *World* *Graphic*

  17. Vyasa

  18. Mahabharata_13
    includes Bhagavad Gita; ca. Ninth Century B C-Fourth Century—Sanskrit
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Rexroth* *Oriental* *Magill* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *World* *Graphic*

    Confucius (Kǒng Zǐ) (Kǒng Fūzǐ) (K'ung Fu-tzu)
  19. Analects_12
    Lún Yǔ
    written and compiled by the author's pupils; ca. Fifth Century B C-Second Century—Chinese

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Downs* *Ward* *Oriental* *Good* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *Taylor* *World* *Graphic*

    • "Other writings"_1

    refers to the Five Classics of Confucianism, which incorporate the teachings of Confucius; Sixth-early Fifth centuries B C—Chinese
    *Graphic*

    --
    • The Book of Daniel_1

  20. part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Graphic*

  21. Titus Lucretius Carus

  22. De Rerum Natura_19
    On the Nature of Things
    First Century B.C—Latin

    *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Graphic* *Educated*

  23. Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro)
    Aeneid_26
    First Century B C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Dudley Fitts and Robert Fagles's English translation—Latin
    *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

    --
    • The Book of Revelation_1

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Graphic*

    • Wang Han

    'Frontier Song'_1
    part of Three Hundred Tang Poems, compiled by Sun Zhu ca. 1763—Chinese
    *Graphic*

    • Cui Hu

    'A Village South of the Capital'_1
    part of Three Hundred Tang Poems, compiled by Sun Zhu ca. 1763—Chinese
    *Graphic*

    • Li Bai (Li Po)

  24. 'Drinking Alone Beneath the Moon'_1
    part of Three Hundred Tang Poems, compiled by Sun Zhu ca. 1763—Chinese
    *Graphic*

    --
  25. Beowulf_14

  26. ca. Eighth-Eleventh centuries; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Seamus Heaney's modern English version—English
    *Eliot* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Dirda* *Great* *Smart* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  27. Murasaki Shikibu

  28. Genji Monogatari_12
    The Tale of Genji
    ca. early Eleventh Century; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Royall Tyler's English translation—Japanese

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Oriental* *Magill* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *World* *Graphic*

  29. Pierre Abélard
    Historia Calamitatum_5
    written ca. 1132; includes the letters of Abélard and Héloïse d'Argenteuil—Latin
    *Classics* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • Hildegard of Bingen

    'O Nobilissima Viriditas'_1
    part of Symphonia Armonie Celestium Revelationum; Twelfth Century—Latin
    *Graphic*

    --
    • Kitab alf Laylah Wa-Laylah [excerpted]_1

    'The Fisherman and the Genie' and 'The Woman With Two Coyntes'; Ninth Century—Arabic
    *Graphic*

    • Rumi

  30. Poems_2
    Thirteenth Century—Persian
    *Oriental* *Graphic*

    Dante
  31. La Divina Commedia_33
    The Divine Comedy
    originally entitled La Commedia; written ca. 1308-21—Italian

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • Inferno_6

  32. part of La Divina Commedia; written ca. 1308-21; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Robert and Jean Hollander's English translation—Italian
    *Learning* *Foundation* *Campbell* *Smart* *Graphic* *Educated*

  33. Padmasambhava
    Bardo Thodol_1
    The Tibetan Book of the Dead; Liberation Through Hearing During the Intermediate State
    ca. Eighth Century—Tibetan

    *Graphic*

    • François Villon

  34. 'Ballade de Conclusion'_1
    'The Last Ballad'
    part of Le Grand Testament Villon et le Petit. Son Codicille. Le Jargon et Ses Ballades, 1489—French

    *Graphic*

  35. Geoffrey Chaucer

  36. Canterbury Tales_30
    1478; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Nevill Coghill's modern English version—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  37. Thomas Malory

  38. Le Morte d'Arthur_13
    1485; revised through sixth edition, 1634—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Telegraph* *Great* *Newman* *Graphic*

    --
  39. Ollantay_1

  40. ca. 1770; attributed to Antonio Valdes; the original Quechua and German translation both published 1857—Quechua
    *Graphic*

  41. Shī Nài'ān

  42. Shuǐ Hŭ Zhuàn_5
    The Water Margin
    written Fourteenth Century—Chinese

    *Ward* *Oriental* *Great* *World* *Graphic*

    --
  43. Hagoromo_1

  44. Celestial Feather Robe; The Feather Mantle
    ca. early Sixteenth Century—Japanese

    *Graphic*

    --
  45. Popul Vuh_2

  46. Harvard Book Store specifies the Dennis Tedlock translation—K'iche'
    *Harvard* *Graphic*

  47. Teresa of Ávila
    La Vida de Santa Teresa de Jesús_3
    1588—Spanish
    *Ward* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • George Peele

  48. 'Hot Sun, Cool Fire'_1
    excerpt from The Love of King David and Fair Bethsabe, 1599—English
    *Graphic*

  49. Wú Chéng-ēn (Ruzhong)

  50. Xi Yóu Jì_6
    Journey to the West; Monkey
    late Sixteenth Century—Chinese

    *Ward* *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Great* *Graphic*

  51. Edmund Spenser

  52. The Faerie Queene_8
    originally published in two volumes, 1590 and 1596—English
    *Lubbock* *Read* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Graphic*

    William Shakespeare
  53. A Midsummer Night's Dream_14

  54. ca. 1595-1600—English
    *Durant* *Hundred* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Taylor* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  55. King Lear_21

  56. 1606—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

  57. Miguel de Cervantes
    El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha_37
    Don Quixote
    originally published in two volumes, 1605 and 1615; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Edith Grossman's English translation—Spanish

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • William Shakespeare

    Sonnets [excerpted]_1
    nos. 18 and 20; complete work published 1609—English
    *Graphic*

    • John Donne

    'The Flea'_2
    part of Poems With Elegies on the Authors Death [1633]—English
    *Trinity* *Graphic*

    • Andrew Marvell

    'To His Coy Mistress'_3
    written ca. early 1650's—English
    *Van Doren* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • Aphra Behn

  58. 'Forgive Us Our Trespasses'_1
    part of Miscellany, 1685—English
    *Graphic*

  59. John Milton

  60. Paradise Lost_27
    1667; revised 1674—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Invitation* *Classics* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  61. Jonathan Swift

  62. Travels Into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and Then a Captain of Several Ships_29
    Gulliver's Travels
    1726; revised 1735—English

    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  63. Voltaire

  64. Candide, ou L'Optimisme_23
    1759; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Tobias Smollett's English translation—French
    *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic*

  65. Jonathan Swift
    A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Poor People in Ireland From Being a Burden to Their Parents or Country, and for Making Them Beneficial to the Public_7
    originally anonymously published 1729—English
    *Classics* *Read* *Van Doren* *Recommended* *Smart* *Graphic* *Newman*

    • Benjamin Franklin

  66. 'Advice to a Young Man on the Choice of a Mistress'_1
    letter dated 25 June 1745—English
    *Graphic*

  67. James Boswell
    London Journal_5
    written 1762-63—English
    *Read* *Ward* *Recommended* *Smart* *Graphic*

    • Benjamin Franklin

  68. 'A Letter to the Royal Academy'_1
    'Fart Proudly'
    included in Fart Proudly: Writings of Benjamin Franklin You Never Read in School, 1990—English

    *Graphic*

  69. Mary Wollstonecraft

  70. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman_8
    1792—English
    *Durant* *Downs* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Graphic* *Educated*

  71. Choderlos de Laclos

  72. Les Liaisons Dangereuses_6
    The Dangerous Liaisons
    1782—French

    *France* *Rexroth* *Bloom* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic*

  73. Charles Dickens

  74. A Tale of Two Cities_8
    originally published serially Apr.-Nov. 1859 in All the Year Round—English
    *Classics* *Baldwin* *Zulli* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Guardian* *Newman* *Graphic*

  75. Gustave Flaubert

  76. Madame Bovary_29
    originally published serially Oct. 1856-Dec. 1856 in La Revue de Paris; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Frances Steegmuller's English translation—French
    *Classics* *Durant* *Hundred* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  77. Louisa M Alcott
    Little Women_6
    originally published in two volumes: Little Women, 1868; and Good Wives, 1869—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Guardian* *Smart* *Harvard* *Graphic*

    Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    • 'Kubla Khan, a Vision in a Dream'_4

    part of Christabel; Kubla Khan, a Vision in a Dream; The Pains of Sleep, 1816—English
    *Read* *Recommended* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • 'The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere'_7

    originally published in Lyrical Ballads, With a Few Other Poems, 1798; revised for inclusion in Sibylline Leaves, 1817—English
    *Baldwin* *Read* *Magill* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • William Blake

  78. 'Auguries of Innocence'_1
    written ca. 1803; part of the Pickering Manuscript; originally published as part of Alexander Gilchrist's Life of William Blake, "Pictor Ignotus." With Selections From His Poems and Other Writings, 1863—English
    *Graphic*

  79. Jane Austen
    Pride and Prejudice_30
    originally anonymously published 1813—English
    *Eliot* *Powys* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Lord Byron

    'She Walks in Beauty'_2
    part of Hebrew Melodies, 1815—English
    *Newman* *Graphic*

    • Percy Bysshe Shelley

    'Ozymandias'_3
    originally published Jan. 1818 in the Examiner; included in Rosalind and Helen, A Modern Eclogue; With Other Poems, 1818—English
    *Recommended* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • William Wordsworth

    'I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud'_1
    originally published as part of Poems in Two Volumes, 1807; revised for inclusion in Poems by William Wordsworth, 1815—English
    *Graphic*

    • John Keats

  80. 'O Solitude'_3
    originally published May 1816 in the Examiner—English
    *Graphic*

  81. Mary Shelley
    Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus_12
    originally anonymously published 1818—English
    *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Campbell* *Dirda* *Great* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit*

    Jacob Grimm; Wilhelm Grimm
    • Stories_4

    Nineteenth Century—German
    *Bloom* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Graphic*

    • 'Das Tapfere Schneiderlein'_1

    'The Valiant Little Tailor'
    part of Kinder- und Hausmärchen—German

    *Graphic*

    • 'Hänsel und Gretel'_1

    'Hansel and Gretel'
    part of Kinder- und Hausmärchen—German

    *Graphic*

    • 'Schneewittchen'_1

    'Little Snow White'
    part of Kinder- und Hausmärchen—English

    *Graphic*

    • 'Sechse Kommen Durch die Ganze Welt'_1

    'How Six Made Good in the World'
    part of Kinder- und Hausmärchen—German

    *Graphic*

    • John Keats

  82. 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci'_2
    originally published May 1820 in the Indictaor—English
    *Newman* *Graphic*

  83. William Blake

  84. Jerusalem: The Emanation of the Giant Albion_6
    ca. 1820—English
    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Graphic* *Newman*

  85. Nat Turner and Thomas B Gray
    The Confessions of Nat Turner, the Leader of the Late Insurrection in Southampton, Va. as Fully and Voluntarily Made to Thomas B Gray_1
    1831—English
    *Graphic*

    • Mary Shelley

    'The Mortal Immortal'_1
    originally published Dec. 1833 in the Keepsake for 1834—English
    *Graphic*

    • Hans Christian Andersen

    Fables_5
    Nineteenth Century—Danish
    *France* *Magill* *Norway* *Dirda* *Graphic*

    • Leigh Hunt

  86. 'Rondeau'_1
    'Jenny Kiss'd Me'
    originally published Nov. 1838 in the Monthly Chronicle—English

    *Graphic*

  87. Charles Dickens
    Oliver Twist; or, The Parish Boy's Progress _9
    originally published under the pseudonym, Boz, serially Feb. 1837-April 1839 in Bentley's Miscellany—English
    *Classics* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Kanigel* *Campbell* *Guardian* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Edward Lear

  88. 'The Jumblies'_1
    part of Nonsense Songs, Stories, Botany, and Alphabets, 1870—English
    *Graphic*

  89. Heinrich Hoffmann
    Der Struwwelpeter_1
    1845—German
    *Graphic*

    Edgar Allan Poe
    • 'The Tell-Tale Heart'_3

    originally published Jan. 1843 in the Pioneer; revised for inclusion in the Broadway Journal, Aug. 1845—English
    *Recommended* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • 'The Oblong Box'_1

    originally published Aug. 1844 in the Philadelphia Dollar Newspaper and Sep. 1844 in Godey's Magazine and Lady's Book—English
    *Graphic*

    • 'The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether'_1

    originally published Nov. 1845 in Graham's—English
    *Graphic*

    • 'The Facts in the Case of M Valdemar'_1

    originally published Dec. 1845 in the Broadway Journal and in American Review: A Whig Journal—English
    *Graphic*

    • 'The Raven'_2

    originally published Jan. 1845 in the Evening Mirror; published under the pseudonym, Quarles, Feb. 1845 in the American Review; included in The Raven and Other Poems, 1845—English
    *Newman* *Graphic*

    • 'The Pit and the Pendulum'_3

    originally published 1842 in The Gift: A Christmas and New Year's Present for 1843; revised for inclusion in the Broadway Journal, May 1845—English
    *Recommended* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • 'The Masque of the Red Death'_2

    originally entitled 'The Mask of the Red Death', published May 1842 in Graham's Lady's and Gentleman's Magazine; retitled and revised for inclusion in the Broadway Journal, Jul. 1845—English
    *Recommended* *Graphic*

    • 'The Bells'_1

  90. originally published Oct. 1849 in the New York Tribune and Nov. 1849 in Sartain's Union Magazine—English
    *Graphic*

  91. Charlotte Brontë

  92. Jane Eyre: An Autobiography_16
    originally published under the pseudonym, Currer Bell, 1847—English
    *Zulli* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  93. Emily Brontë

  94. Wuthering Heights_17
    originally published 1847 under the pseudonym, Ellis Bell; revised 1850—English
    *Powys* *Hundred* *France* *Zulli* *Ward* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Norway* *Guardian* *Zane* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic*

  95. Nathaniel Hawthorne

  96. The Scarlet Letter_21
    1850—English
    *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  97. Herman Melville

  98. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale_26
    1851—English
    *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Guardian* *Zane* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  99. Henry David Thoreau

  100. Walden; or, Life in the Woods_20
    1854—English
    *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Campbell* *Great* *Smart* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  101. Walt Whitman

  102. Leaves of Grass_20
    1855; expanded and revised through ninth edition, 1892—English
    *Powys* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  103. Fitz Hugh Ludlow

  104. The Hasheesh Easter_1
    1857—English
    *Graphic*

  105. Charles Darwin
    On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life_23
    1859—English
    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *Deposit* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Frederick Douglass

  106. 'The Message From Mount Misery'_1
    selections from edited Aug. 1857 speech, originally published as part of Two Speeches, by Frederick Douglass; One on West India Emancipation, Delivered at Canandaigua, Aug. 4th, and the Other on the Dred Scott Decision, Delivered in New York on the Occasion of the Anniversary of the American Abolition Society, May, 1857, 1857—English
    *Graphic*

  107. Victor Hugo
    Les Misérables_18
    1862—French
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Guardian* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit*

    Emily Dickinson
    • 'Because I Could Not Stop for Death'_2

    part of Poems, 1890—English
    *Van Doren* *Graphic*

    • 'I Taste a Liquor Never Brewed'_1

  108. part of Poems, 1890—English
    *Graphic*

  109. Gustave Flaubert; George Sand

  110. Lettres de Gustave Flaubert à George Sand _1
    1884; written 1863-80—French
    *Graphic*

    Lewis Carroll
  111. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland_17

  112. 1865—English
    *Powys* *Invitation* *France* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Harvard* *Deposit* *Graphic*

  113. Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There_10
    1871—English
    *Powys* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Harvard* *Deposit* *Graphic*

    • 'Jabberwocky'_1

  114. part of Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There, 1871—English
    *Graphic*

  115. Fyodor Dostoevsky

  116. Prestuplénie i Nakazániye_23
    Crime and Punishment
    originally published serially Jan.-Dec. 1866 in Rússkij Véstnik; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky's English translation—Russian

    *Eliot* *Powys* *Classics* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  117. Leopold von Sacher-Masoch
    Venus im Pelz_1
    Venus in Furs
    1870—German

    *Graphic*

    • Arthur Rimbaud

  118. 'Le Bateau Ivre'_3
    'The Drunken Boat'
    written 1871—English

    *Trinity* *Newman* *Graphic*

  119. George Eliot

  120. Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life _22
    originally published serially Dec. 1871-Dec. 1872—English
    *Baldwin* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic*

  121. Lewis Carroll

  122. The Hunting of the Snark: An Agony in 8 Fits_3
    1876—English
    *Ward* *Bloom* *Graphic*

  123. Leo Tolstoy

  124. Anna Karenina_20
    published in part serially 1873-7 in Rússkij Véstnik; in its entirety, 1877; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky's English translation—Russian
    *Eliot* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  125. Mark Twain

  126. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn_23
    1884—English
    *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  127. Friedrich Nietzsche

  128. Also Sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen_15
    Thus Spake Zarathustra
    originally published in four volumes, 1883-85—German

    *Powys* *Durant* *Hundred* *France* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *World* *Graphic*

  129. Robert Louis Stevenson
    Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde_7
    1886—English
    *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Zane* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • Ambrose Bierce

  130. 'An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge'_2
    originally published Jul. 1890 in the San Francisco Examiner; included in Tales of Soldiers and Civilians, 1891—English
    *Recommended* *Graphic*

  131. Oscar Wilde

  132. The Picture of Dorian Grey_5
    originally published Jul. 1890 in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine; revised and expanded 1891; alternate earlier version published 2011—English
    *Ward* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Deposit* *Graphic*

  133. Joseph Conrad

  134. Heart of Darkness_16
    originally published serially Feb.-Apr. 1899 in Blackwood's—English
    *Magill* *Adler* *Learning* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  135. Kate Chopin

  136. The Awakening_5
    1899—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Campbell* *Zane* *Graphic*

  137. Sigmund Freud

  138. Die Traumdeutung_15
    The Interpretation of Dreams
    1899—German

    *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Learning* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Graphic*

  139. L Frank Baum
    The Wonderful Wizard of Oz_2
    1900—English
    *Learning* *Graphic*

    • H G Wells

    'The New Accelerator'_1
    originally published Dec. 1901 in the Strand—English
    *Graphic*

    • Saki

  140. 'Reginald'_1
    part of Reginald, 1904—English
    *Graphic*

  141. E M Forster

  142. A Room With a View_1
    1908—English
    *Graphic*

  143. Maxim Gorky
    Mat'_1
    Mother
    1907—Russian

    *Graphic*

    • Rudyard Kipling

  144. 'If—'_2
    part of Rewards and Fairies, 1910—English
    *Newman* *Graphic*

  145. Jack London
    John Barleycorn_1
    1913—English
    *Graphic*

    • James Joyce

  146. 'Araby'_1
    part of Dubliners, 1914—English
    *Graphic*

  147. Franz Kafka

  148. Die Verwandlung_14
    The Metamorphosis
    originally published 1915 in Die Weißen Blätter; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Stanley Corngold's English translation—German

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Norway* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit*

  149. Virginia Woolf
    The Voyage Out_1
    1915—English
    *Graphic*

    • T S Eliot

    'The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock'_4
    originally published Jun. 1915 in Poetry: A Magazine of Verse; included in Prufrock and Other Observations, 1917—English
    *Van Doren* *Recommended* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • D H Lawrence

    'The Mowers'_1
    originally published in Some Imagist Poets, 1915—English
    *Graphic*

    • H D (Hilda Doolittle)

    'Sea Iris'_1
    part of Sea Garden, 1916—English
    *Graphic*

    • Ernest Hemingway

  150. 'A Matter of Colour'_1
    originally published Apr. 1916 in Tabula—English
    *Graphic*

  151. Kahlil Gibran

  152. The Madman_1
    1918—English
    *Graphic*

  153. J D Salinger
    Catcher in the Rye_8
    1951—English
    *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Guardian* *Zane* *Taylor* *Graphic*

    • Sherwood Anderson

  154. 'Hands'_1
    originally published Mar. 1916 in Masses; part of Winesburg, Ohio, 1919—English
    *Graphic*

  155. William Butler Yeats

  156. The Dreaming of the Bones_3
    originally published Jan. 1919 in the Little Review; included in Two Plays for Dancers, 1919, and its expanded version, Four Plays for Dancers, 1921—English
    *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Graphic*

  157. Colette

  158. Cheri_1
    1920—French
    *Graphic*

  159. Edith Wharton
    The Age of Innocence_6
    1920—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • Wilfred Owen

    'Dulce et Decorum Est'_1
    part of Poems, 1920—English
    *Graphic*

    • William Butler Yeats

    'The Second Coming'_3
    originally published Nov. 1920 in both the Dial and the Nation; included in Michael Robartes and the Dancer, 1921—English
    *Van Doren* *Newman* *Graphic*

    Edna St. Vincent Millay
    • 'The Penitent'_1

    —English
    *Graphic*

    • 'The Singing-Woman From the Wood's Edge'_1

    —English
    *Graphic*

    Franz Kafka
    • 'Der Kreisel'_1

    'The Top'
    part of Beschreibung Eines Kampfes, 1936—German

    *Graphic*

    • 'Gibs Auf!'_1

  160. 'Give It Up!'
    part of Beschreibung Eines Kampfes, 1936—German

    *Graphic*

  161. Virginia Woolf
    To the Lighthouse_12
    1927 —English
    *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • Langston Hughes

    'The Negro Dreams of Rivers'_2
    originally published 1921 in Crisis; included in The Weary Blues, 1926—English
    *Fadiman* *Graphic*

    • W Somerset Maugham

  162. 'Rain'_1
    part of Trembling of a Leaf, 1921—English
    *Graphic*

  163. James Joyce
    Ulysses_20
    published in part serially Mar. 1918-Dec. 1920 in the Little Review; in its entirety, 1922—English
    *Classics* *France* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • Ernest Hemingway

    'Living on $1,000 a Year in Paris'_1
    originally entitled 'A Canadian with $1,000 a Year Can Live Very Comfortably and Enjoyably in Paris', published Feb. 1922 in the Toronto Star—English
    *Graphic*

    • Wallace Stevens

    'The Emperor of Ice-Cream'_1
    included in Harmonium, 1923—English
    *Graphic*

    • William Faulkner

  164. 'The Hill'_1
    originally published Mar. 1922 in the Mississippian—English
    *Graphic*

  165. Herman Hesse
    Siddhartha_3
    1922—German
    *Recommended* *Trinity* *Graphic*

    • T S Eliot

  166. 'The Waste Land'_11
    originally published Oct. 1922 in the Criterion—English
    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic*

  167. F Scott Fitzgerald

  168. The Great Gatsby_17
    1925—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Zane* *Great* *Guardian* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  169. Herman Hesse

  170. Der Steppenwolf_4
    1927—German
    *Recommended* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Graphic*

  171. D H Lawrence

  172. Lady Chatterley's Lover_4
    abridged version, 1928; complete work, 1960—English
    *Recommended* *Taylor* *Newman* *Graphic*

  173. William Faulkner

  174. The Sound and the Fury_13
    1929—English
    *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic*

  175. Rainer Maria Rilke

  176. Briefe an Einen Jungen Dichter_1
    Letters to a Young Poet
    1929—German

    *Graphic*

  177. Dashiell Hammett

  178. The Maltese Falcon_4
    1930—English
    *Recommended* *Dirda* *Telegraph* *Graphic*

  179. Aldous Huxley

  180. Brave New World_9
    1932—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Great* *Guardian* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Graphic*

  181. Zora Neale Hurston

  182. Poker!_1
    1931—English
    *Graphic*

  183. John G Neihardt
    Black Elk Speaks_2
    1932—English
    *Utne* *Graphic*

    • Lewis Allan

  184. 'Strange Fruit'_1
    originally entitled 'Bitter Fruit', published Jan. 1937 in the New York Teacher; retitled and adapted for music by the author—English
    *Graphic*

  185. Jean-Paul Sartre

  186. La Nausée_7
    Nausea
    1938—French

    *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Graphic*

  187. John Steinbeck
    The Grapes of Wrath_11
    1939—English
    *Hundred* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Guardian* *Zane* *Deposit* *Graphic*

    • Jorge Luis Borges

  188. Ficciones [excerpted]_1
    'La Biblioteca de Babel'; 'El Jardín de Senderos que se Bifurcan'; 'Las Ruinas Circulares'—Spanish
    *Graphic*

  189. Albert Camus

  190. L'Étranger_14
    The Stranger
    1942—French

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Harvard* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  191. George Orwell
    Animal Farm_8
    1945—English
    *Van Doren* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Guardian* *Smart* *Graphic*

    • Flannery O'Connor

  192. 'The Heart of the Park'_1
    originally published Feb. 1949 in Partisan Review; became part of Wise Blood, 1952; included in The Complete Stories, 1971—English
    *Graphic*

  193. George Orwell

  194. Nineteen Eighty-Four_17
    1949—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Graphic* *Educated*

  195. Nelson Algren
    The Man With the Golden Arm_1
    1949—English
    *Graphic*

    • Thomas Pynchon

  196. 'The Voice of the Hamster'_1
    originally published serially Nov. 1952-Feb. 1953 in the Oyster Bay High School Purple and Gold—English
    *Graphic*

  197. Samuel Beckett
    En Attendant Godot_13
    Waiting for Godot
    1953—French

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Gabriela Mistral

  198. 'La Bailarina'_1
    'The Dancer'
    part of Lagar, 1954; English translation included in Madwomen: The Locas Mujeres Poems of Gabriela Mistral, 2008—Spanish

    *Graphic*

  199. William Golding

  200. Lord of the Flies_6
    1954—English
    *Learning* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Guardian* *Graphic*

  201. Aldous Huxley

  202. The Doors of Perception_2
    1954—English
    *Kanigel* *Graphic*

  203. Vladimir Nabokov

  204. Lolita_11
    1955—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Harvard* *Deposit* *Graphic*

  205. Jack Kerouac

  206. On the Road_5
    1957; alternate version, 2007—English
    *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Guardian* *Great* *Graphic*

  207. William S Burroughs

  208. Naked Lunch_1
    1959—English
    *Graphic*

  209. Ken Kesey

  210. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest_5
    1962—English
    *Learning* *Recommended* *Campbell* *Deposit* *Graphic*

  211. Sylvia Plath

  212. The Bell Jar_5
    originally published under the pseudonym, Victoria Lucas, 1963—English
    *Ward* *Recommended* *Guardian* *Harvard* *Graphic*

  213. Hubert Selby

  214. Last Exit to Brooklyn_1
    published in part, 1956, as 'The Queen Is Dead', in the Black Mountain Review; and 1961, as 'Tralala', in the Provincetown Review; in its entirety, 1964—English
    *Graphic*

  215. Anaïs Nin

  216. The Diaries of Anaïs Nin_1
    originally published in seven volumes, 1966-80—English
    *Graphic*

  217. Mikhail Bulgakov

  218. Mástyer i Margaríta_6
    The Master and Margarita
    published in part, 1966-67, in Moskva; in its entirety, 1973; revised 1989; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Diana Burgin and Katherine Tiernan O'Connor's English translation—Russian

    *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Graphic*

  219. Gabriel García Márquez

  220. Cien Anõs de Soledad_18
    One Hundred Years of Solitude
    1967; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Gregory Rabassa's English translation—Spanish

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  221. Richard Brautigan

  222. In Watermelon Sugar_1
    1968—English
    *Graphic*

  223. Thomas Pynchon

  224. Gravity's Rainbow_4
    1973—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Graphic*

  225. J B Ballard
    Crash_1
    1973—English
    *Graphic*

    • Donald Barthelme

    'I Bought a Little City'_1
    originally published 1974 in the New Yorker; included in Sixty Stories, 1981—English
    *Graphic*

    • Raymond Carver

  226. 'What We Talk About When We Talk About Love'_1
    originally published 1981 in Antaeus; included in What We Talk About When We Talk About Love, 1981; alternate version entitled 'Beginners' published Dec. 2007 in the New Yorker and included in Beginners, 2009, and Raymond Carver: Collected Stories, 2009—English
    *Graphic*

  227. Kathy Acker

  228. Blood and Guts in High School_1
    1984—English
    *Graphic*

  229. Cormac McCarthy

  230. Blood Meridian or The Evening Redness in the West_4
    1985—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Zane* *Graphic*

  231. Umberto Eco

  232. Il Pendolo di Foucault_1
    1988—Italian
    *Graphic*

  233. Barry Gifford

  234. Wild at Heart_1
    1990—English
    *Graphic*

  235. Ben Okri

  236. The Famished Road_1
    1991—English
    *Graphic*

  237. Alan Lightman

  238. Einstein's Dreams_1
    1992—English
    *Graphic*

  239. Murakami Haruki

  240. Nejimaki-Dori Kuronikuru_3
    The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle
    originally published in three volumes, 1994-5—Japanese

    *Harvard* *Deposit* *Graphic*

  241. David Foster Wallace

  242. Infinite Jest_2
    1996—English
    *Harvard* *Graphic*

  243. Thomas Mann

  244. Der Tod in Venedig_8
    Death in Venice
    1911—German

    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Graphic*