The Lists
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Kevin Hill, The Great Books List [2007]

    247 entries: 207 monographical, 40 otherwise
    Unranked—arranged chronologically except for nos. 177-208, arranged chronologically in a separate section, The Great Books of Science

    This list is one of four "born-digital" lists documented at Greater Books (alongside the Harvard Book Store's Top 100 Books, World Canonical Texts, and the Book Depository's Best Books Ever). Unfortunately, it shows the perils of online, digital publishing in that a misguided re-design of the site has resulted in the Great Books of Science section, originally presented as a separate list and included here beginning at no. 177, disappearing, and the full list hidden amid a list of subsections of the list and blog posts about certain works. As of August 2020, the site appears to be gone entirely. Internet Archive captures are available.


  1. Sha Naqba Imuru_11

  2. The Epic of Gilgamesh; He Who Saw the Deep
    Eighteenth-Tenth centuries B.C—Sumerian; Akkadian

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Norway* *Great* *Graphic* *Educated*

    --
  3. The Book of the Dead_3

  4. The Book of Coming Forth by Day
    varying versions; written ca. Sixteenth-First centuries B.C—Egyptian

    *Downs* *Bloom* *Great*

    Homer
  5. Iliad_33

  6. ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B.C; Cowan and Guinness ("Trinity") specifiy Richard Lattimore's English translation; Mallison ("Smart") notes Derek Jacobi's modern aural version—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  7. Odýsseia_36

  8. The Odyssey
    ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Robert Fitzgerald's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  9. Hesiod
    Theogonía_3
    ca. Eighth-Seventh centuries B C—Greek
    *Bloom* *Great* *Newman*

    --
    • The Book of Genesis_5

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Classics* *Learning* *Foundation* *Great*

    --
    • The Book of Exodus_4

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Learning* *Foundation* *Great*

    --
    • The Book of Isaiah_4

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Classics* *Utne* *Great*

    --
    • The Book of Job_8

  10. part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Foundation* *Norway* *Great*

    --
  11. Rigveda_3
    Sanskrit
    *Oriental* *Great* *World*

    --
    • Upanishads_4

  12. Seventh-Fourth centuries B C—Sanskrit
    *Ward* *Oriental* *SeymourSmith* *Great*

  13. Confucius (Kǒng Zǐ) (Kǒng Fūzǐ) (K'ung Fu-tzu)

  14. Analects_12
    Lún Yǔ
    written and compiled by the author's pupils; ca. Fifth Century B C-Second Century—Chinese

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Downs* *Ward* *Oriental* *Good* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *Taylor* *World* *Graphic*

  15. Lǎozǐ (Lao-tzu) (Laocius)
    Dàodéjǐng_11
    Tao te Ching
    ca. Sixth Century B C—Chinese

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Oriental* *Good* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Utne* *Dirda* *Great* *World* *Graphic*

    • Sappho

  16. 'Hymn to Aphrodite'_3
    lone complete poem among the fragments of the author's work; late Seventh-early Sixth centuries B C—Greek
    *Magill* *Recommended* *Great*

  17. Aeschylus

  18. Oresteia_19
    The House of Atreus
    458 B C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Zane* *Newman*

    Sophocles
  19. Antigone_22

  20. ca. 441 B C—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *World* *Newman*

  21. Oidipous epi Kolōnō_20

  22. Oedipus at Colonus
    401 B C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *World* *Newman*

  23. Oidipous Tyrannos_25

  24. Oedipus Rex; Oedipus the King
    ca. 429 B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *World* *Newman* *Educated*

  25. Herodotus

  26. Historiē_25
    History
    Fifth Century B.C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *World* *Educated*

    Euripides
  27. Mēdeia_17

  28. Medea
    431 B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Michael Collier and Georgia Ann Machemer's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Norway* *Great* *Smart* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  29. Ēlektra _7

  30. Electra
    written ca. 413 B C—Greek

    *Classics* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great*

  31. Thucydides

  32. History of the Peloponnesian War_23
    early Fifth Century B.C—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Great* *Telegraph* *World* *Educated*

    Aristophanes
  33. Ornithes_13

  34. The Birds
    414 B.C—Greek

    *Downs* *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Educated*

  35. Lysistrate_13

  36. Lysistrata
    411 B C—Greek

    *Classics* *Downs* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Newman* *Graphic*

    Plato
  37. Apologia Socratis_16

  38. The Apology
    early Fourth Century B C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear*

  39. Politeia_24

  40. The Republic
    early Fourth Century B.C—Greek

    *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Educated*

  41. Aristotle

  42. Ethika Nikomacheia_16
    Nicomachean Ethics
    Fourth Century B C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Reynolds*

  43. Sūnzǐ (Sun-tzu)

  44. Sūnzǐ Bīngfǎ_4
    The Art of War
    written ca. Fifth-Third centuries B C—Chinese

    *Learning* *Fadiman* *Great* *Deposit*

  45. Mèng Zǐ (Mencius) (Meng Tzu)
    Mèng Zǐ_5
    Fourth Century B C—Chinese
    *Ward* *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Great* *World*

    • Buddha

  46. "Teachings"_1
    ca. Sixth-Fifth centuries B C; Sanskrit translations—north Indian language
    *Great*

  47. Zhuāngzī (Zhuāng Zhōu) (Chuang-tzu)

  48. Zhuāngzī_5
    Nánhuá Zhēnjīng
    ca. Third Century B C—Chinese

    *Ward* *Oriental* *Utne* *Great* *World*

  49. Valmiki

  50. Ramayana_10
    ca. Fifth-Second centuries B C—Sanskrit
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Ward* *Oriental* *Magill* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *World*

  51. Vyasa
    Mahabharata_13
    includes Bhagavad Gita; ca. Ninth Century B C-Fourth Century—Sanskrit
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Rexroth* *Oriental* *Magill* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *World* *Graphic*

    • Bhagavad Gita_8

  52. part of the Mahabharata; ca. Ninth Century B C-Fourth Century—Sanskrit
    *Eliot* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Great* *Zane*

  53. Titus Lucretius Carus

  54. De Rerum Natura_19
    On the Nature of Things
    First Century B.C—Latin

    *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Graphic* *Educated*

  55. Caius Julius Caesar

  56. Commentarii de Bello Gallico_4
    ca. 40 B C—Latin
    *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Great*

  57. Marcus Tullius Cicero

  58. De Natura Decorum_2
    written 45 B C—Latin
    *Bloom* *Great*

  59. Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro)

  60. Aeneid_26
    First Century B C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Dudley Fitts and Robert Fagles's English translation—Latin
    *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

  61. Ovid

  62. Metamorphoseon_14
    Metamorphoses
    8; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Charles Martin's English translation—Latin

    *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Norway* *Dirda* *Great* *O'Hear* *Smart* *World* *Newman*

  63. Petronius

  64. Satyricon_7
    late First Century—Latin
    *Classics* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Bloom* *Dirda* *Great* *Newman*

  65. Lucius Annaeus Seneca
    De Brevitate Vitae_2
    First Century—Latin
    *Classics* *Great*

    --
    • The Gospel According to Luke_3

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • The Gospel According to John_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Acts of the Apostles_3

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to the Romans_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • First Epistle to the Corinthians_3

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Second Epistle to the Corinthians_3

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to the Galatians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to the Ephesians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to the Philippians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to the Colossians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • First Epistle to the Thessalonians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Second Epistle to the Thessalonians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • First Epistle to Timothy_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Second Epistle to Timothy_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to Titus_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to Philemon_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • First Epistle of John_1

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Great*

    --
    • Second Epistle of John_1

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Great*

    --
    • Third Epistle of John_1

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Great*

    • Plutarch

  66. Bìoi Paràllēloi [excerpted]_1
    Parallel Lives; Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans
    'Alexander' and 'Marcus Cato'; First Century—Greek

    *Great*

  67. Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus

  68. De Vita Caesarum_5
    The Lives of the Twelve Caesars
    written 121—Latin

    *Downs* *Ward* *Great* *Smart* *Telegraph*

  69. Marcus Aurelius

  70. Ta Eis Heauton_17
    Meditations
    written 161-80—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Great*

  71. Apuleius

  72. Metamorphoseon_6
    Asinus Aureus; The Golden Ass
    Second Century—Latin

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Bloom* *Utne* *Great* *Newman*

  73. Augustine of Hippo

  74. De Civitate Dei Contra Paganos_9
    City of God
    426—Latin

    *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Adler* *Bloom* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Great* *Educated*

  75. Kalidasa

  76. Meghaduta_4
    The Cloud Messenger
    ca. Fifth Century—Sanskrit

    *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Great* *World*

  77. O no Yasumaro

  78. Kojiki_1
    early Eighth Century—Japanese
    *Great*

    --
  79. Quran_11

  80. Koran
    Seventh Century—Arabic

    *Downs* *Ward* *Oriental* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *World*

  81. Huìnéng

  82. Liùzǔ Tánjīng_3
    The Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch
    ca. Eighth-Thirteenth centuries—Chinese

    *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Great*

  83. Sei Shonagon

  84. Makura no Soshi_4
    The Pillow Book
    written 1002—Japanese

    *Ward* *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Great*

  85. Murasaki Shikibu

  86. Genji Monogatari_12
    The Tale of Genji
    ca. early Eleventh Century; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Royall Tyler's English translation—Japanese

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Oriental* *Magill* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *World* *Graphic*

    --
  87. Kitab alf Laylah Wa-Laylah_17

  88. The Thousand and One Nights; The Arabian Nights
    Ninth-Fifteenth centuries; Taylor specifies Richard Burton's version—Arabic

    *Lubock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *France* *Downs* *Ward* *Magill* *Oriental* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Taylor*

  89. Ferdowsi

  90. Shahnameh_7
    The Book of Kings
    written ca. 977-1010—Persian

    *Lubbock* *Ward* *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Dirda* *Great* *World*

  91. Omar Khayyam

  92. The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam_8
    ca. Eleventh-Twelfth centuries; compiled by Edward FitzGerald in five editions, 1859, 1868, 1872, 1879, and 1889—Persian
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Oriental* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great*

    --
  93. Beowulf_14

  94. ca. Eighth-Eleventh centuries; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Seamus Heaney's modern English version—English
    *Eliot* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Dirda* *Great* *Smart* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    --
  95. Mabinogion_2

  96. ca. Eleventh-Thirteenth centuries—Welsh
    *Ward* *Great*

  97. Snorri Sturluson

  98. The Prose Edda_2
    written ca. 1220—Norse
    *Bloom* *Great*

    --
  99. Nibelungenlied_8

  100. ca. Twelfth-Thirteenth centuries—German
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Read* *Magill* *Bloom* *Trinity* *Great*

  101. Thomas Aquinas

  102. Summa Theologiae_13
    Summa Theologica
    written 1265-74—Latin

    *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Reynolds* *World*

  103. Dante

  104. La Divina Commedia_33
    The Divine Comedy
    originally entitled La Commedia; written ca. 1308-21—Italian

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

  105. Giovanni Boccaccio

  106. Il Decameron, Cognominato Prencipe Galeotto_12
    ca. 1351-53—Italian
    *Downs* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Newman*

  107. Ibn Khaldun

  108. Muqaddimah_3
    Fourteenth Century; originally written as the preface to Kitab al-Ibar—Arabic
    *Ward* *Oriental* *Great*

  109. Luó Guànzhōng

  110. Sān Guó Yǎn Yì_2
    Romance of the Three Kingdoms
    1522; written Fourteenth Century—Chinese

    *Fadiman* *Great*

  111. Shī Nài'ān

  112. Shuǐ Hŭ Zhuàn_5
    The Water Margin
    written Fourteenth Century—Chinese

    *Ward* *Oriental* *Great* *World* *Graphic*

  113. Geoffrey Chaucer

  114. Canterbury Tales_30
    1478; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Nevill Coghill's modern English version—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    --
  115. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight_7

  116. probably the same author as Pearl (the "Gawain poet" or "Pearl poet"); late Fourteenth Century—English
    *Magill* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

  117. Thomas Malory

  118. Le Morte d'Arthur_13
    1485; revised through sixth edition, 1634—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Telegraph* *Great* *Newman* *Graphic*

  119. Thomas á Kempis

  120. De Imitatione Christi_4
    The Imitation of Christ
    written ca. 1418-27—Latin

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Trinity* *Great*

  121. Niccolò Machiavelli

  122. Il Principe_29
    The Prince
    1532—Italian

    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Deposit* *Educated*

  123. Thomas More

  124. Libellus Uere Aureus, nec Minus Salutaris Quam Festivus, de Optimo rei Publicae Statu Deque Nova Insula Utopia_14
    Utopia
    1516—Latin

    *Eliot* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *Educated*

  125. François Rabelais

  126. La Vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel_22
    originally published in five volumes: Les Horribles et Épouvantables Faits et Prouesses du Très Renommé Pantagruel Roi des Dipsodes, Fils du Grand Géant Gargantua, 1532; La Vie Très Horrifique du Grand Gargantua, Père de Pantagruel, 1534; Le Tiers Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1546; Le Quart Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1552; Le Cinquiesme et Dernier Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1564; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Thomas Urquhart and Peter Motteux's English translation—French
    *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Hundred* *France* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Smart* *Newman*

  127. Michel de Montaigne

  128. Les Essais_26
    Essays
    originally published in three volumes: 1580, 1588, and 1595—French

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *World* *Newman* *Educated*

  129. Christopher Marlowe

  130. Tamburlaine the Great_7
    1590—English
    *Baldwin* *Classics* *Ward* *Recommended* *Dirda* *Great* *Newman*

  131. Wú Chéng-ēn (Ruzhong)

  132. Xi Yóu Jì_6
    Journey to the West; Monkey
    late Sixteenth Century—Chinese

    *Ward* *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Great* *Graphic*

  133. Francis Bacon

  134. Essays: Religious Meditations. Places of Perswasion and Disswasion. Seene and Allowed_12
    1597; expanded 1612; expanded and retitled Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall, 1625—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Great*

  135. Miguel de Cervantes

  136. El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha_37
    Don Quixote
    originally published in two volumes, 1605 and 1615; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Edith Grossman's English translation—Spanish

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    William Shakespeare
  137. Richard III_11

  138. ca. 1592-7—English
    *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Great* *Taylor* *World* *Newman* *Educated*

  139. Hamlet_27

  140. 1602—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Taylor* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  141. The Tempest_20

  142. 1611—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  143. John Donne

  144. Poems With Elegies on the Authors Death_2
    1633—English
    *Ward* *Great*

  145. René Descartes

  146. Discours de la Méthode Pour Bien Conduire sa Raison, et Chercher la Vérité dans les Sciences_17
    Discourse on the Method
    1637—French

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *World*

  147. Pedro Calderón de la Barca

  148. La Vida es Sueño_8
    Life Is a Dream
    1635—Spanish

    *Eliot* *Classics* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Great*

  149. Thomas Hobbes

  150. Leviathan or, The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil_16
    1651—English
    *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Telegraph* *Deposit*

  151. John Milton

  152. Paradise Lost_27
    1667; revised 1674—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Invitation* *Classics* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    Molière
  153. Tartuffe, ou l'Imposteur_15

  154. 1664—French
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

  155. Le Misanthrope ou l'Atrabilaire Amoureux_13

  156. The Misanthrope
    1666—French

    *Durant* *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Great* *Newman*

  157. Jean Racine

  158. Andromaque_6
    1667—French
    *Classics* *Read* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Great* *Newman*

  159. John Bunyan

  160. The Pilgrim's Progress From This World to That Which Is to Come_18
    1678—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Invitation* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

  161. Basho Matsuo

  162. Oku no Hosomichi_5
    The Narrow Road to the Deep North
    late Seventeenth Century—Japanese

    *Ward* *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Great* *World*

  163. Blaise Pascal
    Pensées_20
    Thoughts
    1669—French

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Invitation* *Classics* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *O'Hear* *Reynolds*

    • John Locke

  164. Second Treatise [second part of Two Treatises of Government: In the Former, the False Principles, and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer, and His Followers, Are Detected and Overthrown. The Latter Is an Essay Concerning the True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government]_8
    complete work originally anonymously published 1689—English
    *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Great* *Reynolds* *Educated*

  165. Samuel Pepys

  166. Diary_4
    written 1660-69; published in part, 1825; expanded and revised 1875-79; further revised versions, 1893-99 and 1926; final work, in nine volumes, 1970-83
    *Hundred* *Ward* *Great* *Newman*

  167. Daniel Defoe

  168. The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner_21
    originally anonymously published 1719—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Dirda* *Great* *Zane* *Deposit* *Newman*

  169. George Berkeley (Bishop Berkeley)

  170. A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge_7
    1710; revised 1734—English
    *Lubbock* *Classics* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *SeymourSmith* *Great*

  171. Alexander Pope

  172. The Rape of the Lock_7
    originally anonymously published 1712 in Linot's Miscellany; expanded 1714 and 1717—English
    *Lubbock* *Read* *Magill* *Recommended* *Dirda* *Great* *Newman*

  173. Jonathan Swift

  174. Travels Into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and Then a Captain of Several Ships_29
    Gulliver's Travels
    1726; revised 1735—English

    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  175. Voltaire

  176. Candide, ou L'Optimisme_23
    1759; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Tobias Smollett's English translation—French
    *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic*

  177. David Hume

  178. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding_10
    1748—English
    *Eliot* *Classics* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Fadiman* *Great* *GlobeMail* *World*

  179. Henry Fielding

  180. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling_19
    1749—English
    *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Newman*

  181. Cáo Xuěqín (Mengruan) (Ts'ao Hsueh-ch'in)

  182. Hóng Lóu Mèng_7
    The Dream of the Red Chamber; The Story of the Stone
    1791—Chinese

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Oriental* *Magill* *Fadiman* *Great* *World*

  183. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  184. Du Contrat Social ou Principes du Droit Politique_17
    The Social Contract
    1762—French

    *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Educated*

  185. Adam Smith

  186. An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations_15
    1776; revised through third edition, 1784—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor*

  187. Immanuel Kant
    Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten_4
    Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals; Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals; Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Ethics
    1785; revised 1786—German

    *Eliot* *Read* *Adler* *Great*

    • Alexander Hamilton; John Jay; James Madison

  188. The Federalist Papers_11
    originally published 1787-1788 in the Independent Journal, the New-York Packet, and the Daily Advertiser—English
    *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Great*

  189. Edmund Burke

  190. Reflections on the Revolution in France_9
    1790—English
    *Eliot* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Ward* *Bloom* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Great*

  191. Thomas Paine

  192. The Rights of Man: Being an Answer to Mr. Burke's Attack on the French Revolution_7
    originally published in two volumes, 1791 and 1792—English
    *Invitation* *Hundred* *Ward* *Good* *Recommended* *Great* *Telegraph*

  193. Mary Wollstonecraft

  194. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman_8
    1792—English
    *Durant* *Downs* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Graphic* *Educated*

  195. James Boswell

  196. The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D._21
    1791—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman*

  197. William Blake

  198. Songs of Innocence and Experience Showing the Two Contrary States of the Human Soul_11
    published in part, 1789, as Songs of Innocence; in its entirety, 1794—English
    *Classics* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Educated*

  199. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

  200. Faust_27
    originally published in two volumes: first, Faust. Der Tragödie Erster Teil, published in part, 1790; in its entirey, 1808; revised 1829; second, Faust. Der Tragödie Zweiter Teil, 1832—German
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *GlobeMail* *World* *Newman*

  201. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
    Die Phänomenologie des Geistes_4
    Phenomenology of Spirit
    1807—German

    *Classics* *Read* *SeymourSmith* *Great*

    • Percy Bysshe Shelley

    Poems_6
    early Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Good* *Bloom* *Great* *Newman*

    • Lord Byron

    Poems_5
    early Nineteenth Century—English
    *Durant* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Great*

    • William Wordsworth

    Poems_8
    late Eighteenth-early Nineteenth centuries—English
    *Baldwin* *Read* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

    • Samuel Taylor Coleridge

    Poems_5
    late Eighteenth-early Nineteenth centuries—English
    *Read* *Van Doren* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

    • John Keats

  202. Poems_7
    early Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Hundred* *Good* *Bloom* *Great* *Educated*

  203. Mary Shelley

  204. Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus_12
    originally anonymously published 1818—English
    *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Campbell* *Dirda* *Great* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit*

  205. Stendhal

  206. Le Rouge et le Noir, Chronique du XIXe Siècle_18
    The Red and the Black
    1830—French

    *Powys* *Classics* *France* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Newman* *Deposit*

  207. Alexis de Tocqueville

  208. De la Démocratie en Amérique_12
    Democracy in America
    originally published in two volumes, 1835 and 1840—French

    *Downs* *Read* *Adler* *Magill* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Great* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *Educated*

  209. Alexander Pushkin

  210. Evgénij Onegin_7
    Eugene Onegin
    published in part serially 1825-32; in its entirety, 1833; revised 1837—Russian

    *Classics* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Great* *Newman*

  211. Jane Austen
    Pride and Prejudice_30
    originally anonymously published 1813—English
    *Eliot* *Powys* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Edgar Allan Poe

  212. Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque_1
    stories previously published; originally published in two volumes, 1850—English
    *Great*

  213. Nikolai Gogol

  214. Mërtvyâ Duši_11
    Dead Souls
    1842—Russian

    *Classics* *France* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Harvard* *Newman*

  215. Sǿren Kierkegaard

  216. Frygt og Baeven_4
    Fear and Trembling
    originally published under the pseudonym, Johannes de Silentio, 1843—Danish

    *Adler* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Great*

  217. Ralph Waldo Emerson

  218. Poems_1
    1847—English
    *Great*

  219. Charlotte Brontë

  220. Jane Eyre: An Autobiography_16
    originally published under the pseudonym, Currer Bell, 1847—English
    *Zulli* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  221. William Makepeace Thackeray

  222. Vanity Fair: A Novel Without a Hero_18
    originally published serially Jan. 1847-Jul. 1848—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Zulli* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman*

  223. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

  224. Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei_13
    The Communist Manifesto
    1848—German

    *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Taylor* *Reynolds* *Educated*

  225. Herman Melville

  226. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale_26
    1851—English
    *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Guardian* *Zane* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  227. Walt Whitman

  228. Leaves of Grass_20
    1855; expanded and revised through ninth edition, 1892—English
    *Powys* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  229. Henry David Thoreau

  230. Walden; or, Life in the Woods_20
    1854—English
    *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Campbell* *Great* *Smart* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  231. Charles Baudelaire

  232. Les Fleurs du Mal_8
    The Flowers of Evil
    1857—French

    *France* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Great* *Newman*

  233. Gustave Flaubert

  234. Madame Bovary_29
    originally published serially Oct. 1856-Dec. 1856 in La Revue de Paris; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Frances Steegmuller's English translation—French
    *Classics* *Durant* *Hundred* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  235. John Stuart Mill

  236. On Liberty_16
    1859—English
    *Eliot* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Taylor* *World*

  237. Charles Dickens

  238. Great Expectations_15
    originally published serially Dec. 1860-Aug. 1861 in All the Year Round—English
    *Classics* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman*

  239. Ivan Turgenev

  240. Otcy i Deti_11
    Fathers and Children; Fathers and Sons
    originally published Feb. 1862 in Rússkij Véstnik—Russian

    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Newman*

  241. Fyodor Dostoevsky

  242. Prestuplénie i Nakazániye_23
    Crime and Punishment
    originally published serially Jan.-Dec. 1866 in Rússkij Véstnik; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky's English translation—Russian

    *Eliot* *Powys* *Classics* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  243. George Eliot

  244. Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life _22
    originally published serially Dec. 1871-Dec. 1872—English
    *Baldwin* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic*

  245. Arthur Rimbaud

  246. Une Saison en Enfer_6
    A Season in Hell
    1873—French

    *France* *Ward* *Bloom* *Trinity* *Great* *Newman*

  247. Leo Tolstoy

  248. Anna Karenina_20
    published in part serially 1873-77 in Rússkij Véstnik; in its entirety, 1877; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky's English translation—Russian
    *Eliot* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  249. Friedrich Nietzsche

  250. Also Sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen_15
    Thus Spake Zarathustra
    originally published in four volumes, 1883-85—German

    *Powys* *Durant* *Hundred* *France* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *World* *Graphic*

  251. Mark Twain

  252. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn_23
    1884—English
    *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  253. Émile Zola

  254. Germinal_10
    originally published serially Apr. 1884-Jan. 1885 in Gil Blas—French
    *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Dirda* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Newman*

  255. Henrik Ibsen

  256. Hedda Gabler_10
    1890—Norwegian
    *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Newman*

  257. Emily Dickinson

  258. The Poems of Emily Dickinson_3
    1890—English
    *Van Doren* *Recommended* *Great*

  259. Thomas Hardy

  260. Jude the Obscure_8
    originally published serially Dec. 1894-Nov. 1895 in Harper's New Monthly Magazine—English
    *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Great* *Guardian* *Smart* *Newman*

  261. Anton Chekhov

  262. Dâdâ Vanâ_10
    Uncle Vanya
    1897—Russian

    *Classics* *Ward* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Dirda* *Great* *Newman*

  263. Joseph Conrad

  264. Heart of Darkness_16
    originally published serially Feb.-Apr. 1899 in Blackwood's—English
    *Magill* *Adler* *Learning* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  265. William James

  266. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature, Being the Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion Delivered at Edinburgh in 1901-1902_6
    1902; edited lectures—English
    *Classics* *Read* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Great*

  267. Max Weber
    Die Protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus_3
    The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
    1905—German

    *Foundation* *Great* *Educated*

    • Marcel Proust

  268. Du Côté de Chez Swann_3
    Swann's Way
    1913; first of seven volumes of À la Recherche du Temps Perdu; complete work originally published in seven volumes, two of which originally published as two books each, 1913-27—French

    *Invitation* *Adler* *Great*

  269. D H Lawrence

  270. Sons and Lovers_9
    1913—English
    *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Newman*

  271. Natsume Soseki

  272. Kokoro_4
    originally entitled Kokoro: Sensei no Isho, published serially Apr.-Aug. 1914 in Asahi Shinbun—Japanese
    *Ward* *Oriental* *Fadiman* *Great*

  273. William Butler Yeats

  274. The Wild Swans at Coole_2
    originally entitled The Wild Swans at Coole, Other Verses and a Play in Verse, published 1917; includes the play, At the Hawk's Well; retitled and expanded 1919 to include Nine Poems [1918] and additional poems; At the Hawk's Well later included in Four Plays for Dancers, 1921—English
    *Recommended* *Great*

  275. Siegfried Sassoon
    War Poems_1
    English
    *Great*

    • T S Eliot

  276. 'The Waste Land'_11
    originally published Oct. 1922 in the Criterion—English
    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic*

  277. James Joyce

  278. Ulysses_20
    published in part serially Mar. 1918-Dec. 1920 in the Little Review; in its entirety, 1922—English
    *Classics* *France* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic*

  279. Thomas Mann

  280. Der Zauberberg_12
    The Magic Mountain
    1924; Mallison ("Smart") specifies John E Woods's English translation—German

    *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart*

  281. F Scott Fitzgerald

  282. The Great Gatsby_17
    1925—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Zane* *Great* *Guardian* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  283. Franz Kafka

  284. Der Prozess_16
    The Trial
    1925—German

    *France* *Read* *List* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Newman* *Educated*

  285. Martin Heidegger

  286. Sein und Zeit_1
    1927—German
    *Great*

  287. Virginia Woolf

  288. Mrs. Dalloway_11
    published in part, Jul. 1923, as 'Mrs. Dalloway in Bond Street', in the Dial; in its entirety, 1925—English
    *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Educated*

  289. Bertolt Brecht

  290. Die Dreigroschenoper_3
    The Threepenny Opera
    1928—German

    *Ward* *Bloom* *Great*

  291. William Faulkner

  292. The Sound and the Fury_13
    1929—English
    *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic*

  293. Mohandas K Gandhi

  294. The Story of My Experiments With the Truth_4
    originally published serially 1925-9 in Navijan—Gujarati
    *Ward* *Oriental* *Great* *Educated*

  295. Aldous Huxley

  296. Brave New World_9
    1932—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Great* *Guardian* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Graphic*

  297. Kawabata Yasunari

  298. Yukiguni_4
    Snow Country
    published in part serially 1935-47; in its entirety, 1948; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Edward G Seidensticker's English translation—Japanese

    *Ward* *Fadiman* *Great* *Smart*

  299. R K Narayan

  300. The English Teacher_2
    1945—English
    *Fadiman* *Great*

  301. Graham Greene

  302. The Power and the Glory_3
    1940—English
    *Bloom* *Great* *Zane*

  303. Arthur Koestler

  304. Sonnenfinsternis_1
    Darkness at Noon
    1941—German

    *Great*

  305. Eugene O'Neill

  306. Long Day's Journey Into Night_8
    1956—English
    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Educated*

  307. Tanizaki Junichiro

  308. Sasameyuki_4
    The Makioka Sisters
    published in part serially Jan.-Mar. 1943 in Chuo Koron; in its entirety in three volumes: 1946, 1947, and 1948—Japanese

    *Ward* *Fadiman* *Great* *Zane*

  309. Albert Camus

  310. L'Étranger_14
    The Stranger
    1942—French

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Harvard* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  311. Jean-Paul Sartre

  312. L'Être et le Néant: Essai d'Ontologie Phénoménologique_5
    Being and Nothingness
    1943—French

    *Read* *Ward* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great*

  313. Karl Popper

  314. The Open Society and Its Enemies_1
    1945—English
    *Great*

  315. Simone Beauvoir

  316. Le Deuxième Sexe_7
    The Second Sex
    published in part serially in Les Temps Modernes; in its entirety in two volumes, 1949—French

    *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Utne* *Great* *Taylor*

  317. Ernest Hemingway

  318. The Old Man and the Sea_8
    1952—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Newman*

  319. George Orwell

  320. Nineteen Eighty-Four_17
    1949—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Graphic* *Educated*

  321. Ralph Ellison

  322. Invisible Man_12
    1952—English
    *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Educated*

  323. Samuel Beckett

  324. En Attendant Godot_13
    Waiting for Godot
    1953—French

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Graphic* *Educated*

  325. Vladimir Nabokov

  326. Lolita_11
    1955—English
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Harvard* *Deposit* *Graphic*

  327. Allen Ginsberg

  328. Howl and Other Poems_1
    1956—English
    *Great*

  329. Jack Kerouac

  330. On the Road_5
    1957; alternate version, 2007—English
    *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Guardian* *Great* *Graphic*

  331. Chinua Achebe

  332. Things Fall Apart_9
    1958—English
    *Ward* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Taylor*

  333. Pablo Neruda

  334. Cien Sonetos de Amor_1
    1959—Spanish
    *Great*

  335. Gabriel García Márquez

  336. Cien Anõs de Soledad_18
    One Hundred Years of Solitude
    1967; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Gregory Rabassa's English translation—Spanish

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  337. Ayn Rand
    Atlas Shrugged_1
    1957—English
    *Great*

    • Jorge Luis Borges

  338. Labyrinths_6
    English translations of stories mostly originally published in Ficciones and El Aleph—Spanish
    *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Zane*

  339. Michel Foucault

  340. Les Mots et les Choses: Une Archéologie des Sciences Humaines_1
    The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences
    1966—French

    *Great*

  341. Maya Angelou

  342. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings_4
    1969—English
    *Campbell* *Great* *Deposit* *Educated*

  343. V S Naipul

  344. A Bend in the River_2
    1979—English
    *Bloom* *Great*

  345. Salman Rushdie

  346. Midnight's Children_7
    1981—English
    *Bloom* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Harvard* *Deposit*

  347. Margaret Atwood

  348. The Handmaid's Tale_5
    1985—English
    *Fadiman* *Great* *Guardian* *Smart* *Harvard*

  349. Toni Morrison

  350. Beloved_9
    1987—English
    *Recommended* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Telegraph* *Zane* *Harvard* *Deposit*

  351. Aristotle

  352. Physics_5
    Fourth Century B.C—Greek
    *Downs* *Read* *Adler* *Great* *Educated*

  353. Euclid

  354. Elements_6
    written ca. 300 B C—Greek
    *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *SeymourSmith* *Great*

  355. Claudius Ptolemaeus (Ptolemy)

  356. Almagest_4
    Second Century—Greek
    *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Great*

  357. Roger Bacon

  358. Opus Majus_2
    1267—Latin
    *Downs* *Great*

  359. Nicolas Copernicus

  360. De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium_6
    On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
    1543—Latin

    *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *SeymourSmith* *Great*

  361. Andreas Vesalius

  362. De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem_2
    1543—Latin
    *Downs* *Great*

  363. Johannes Kepler

  364. Astronomia Nova_2
    1609—Latin
    *Downs* *Great*

  365. Francis Bacon

  366. Novum Organum Scientiarium_10
    1620—English
    *Lubbock* *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Educated*

  367. William Harvey

  368. Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus_6
    On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
    1628—Latin

    *Eliot* *Downs* *Read* *Adler* *Great* *Taylor*

  369. Galileo

  370. Dialogo Sopra i due Massimi Sistemi del Mondo_8
    Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
    1632—Italian

    *Downs* *Learning* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *Taylor* *GlobeMail* *Educated*

  371. Robert Hooke

  372. Micrographica: Or Some Physiological Descriptions of Minute Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses With Observations and Inquiries Thereupon_3
    1665—English
    *Downs* *Great* *Educated*

  373. Isaac Newton

  374. Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica_9
    The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
    1687; revised 1713 and 1726—Latin

    *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Reynolds*

  375. Giambattista Vico

  376. Principi di Scienza Nuova d'Intorno Alla Comune Natura Delle Nazioni_6
    The New Science
    1725; revised 1730 and 1744—Italian

    *Downs* *Ward* *Bloom* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great*

  377. Carlos Linneaus

  378. Systema Naturae_2
    1735; revised through twelfth edition, 1766-68—Latin
    *Downs* *Great*

  379. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier

  380. Traité Élémentaire de Chimie, Présenté dans un Ordre Nouveau et d'Après les Découvertes Modernes_4
    1789—French
    *Downs* *Read* *Adler* *Great*

  381. Charles Darwin

  382. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life_23
    1859—English
    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *Deposit* *Graphic* *Educated*

  383. Sigmund Freud

  384. Die Traumdeutung_15
    The Interpretation of Dreams
    1899—German

    *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Learning* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Graphic*

  385. Albert Einstein

  386. Über die Spezielle und die Allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, Gemeinverständlich_5
    Relativity, the Special and the General Theory: A Popular Exposition
    1917; revised through fourteenth edition, 1922—German

    *Downs* *Adler* *Great* *Taylor* *Educated*

  387. Max Planck

  388. Acht Vorlesungen Über Theoretische Physik, Gehalten an der Columbia University in the City of New York im Frühjahr 1909, von Dr. Max Planck_1
    Eight Lectures on Theoretical Physics Delivered at Columbia University in 1909
    1910; edited 1909 lectures—German

    *Great*

  389. Jane Jacobs
    The Death and Life of Great American Cities_2
    1961—English
    *Utne* *Great*

    • Carl Jung; Joseph L Henderson; Marie-Louise von Franz; Aniela Jaffé; Jolande Jacobi

  390. Man and His Symbols_2
    1964—English
    *Great* *Deposit*

  391. Thomas S Kuhn

  392. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions_5
    1962; expanded 1970—English
    *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Utne* *Great*

  393. Rachel Carson

  394. Silent Spring_8
    originally published Jun. 1962 in the New Yorker—English
    *Downs* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Deposit* *Educated*

  395. George Gamov

  396. Thirty Years That Shook Physics: The Story of Quantum Theory_1
    1966—English
    *Great*

  397. James D Watson

  398. The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of D N A_3
    1968—English
    *Fadiman* *Great* *Educated*

  399. Carl Sagan

  400. The Cosmic Connection: An Extraterrestrial Perspective_1
    1973—English
    *Great*

  401. Robert Dawkins

  402. The Selfish Gene_2
    1976—English
    *Great* *Educated*

  403. Douglas Hofstadter

  404. Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid_1
    1979—English
    *Great*

  405. Stephen Jay Gould

  406. The Mismeasure of Man_2
    1981—English
    *Great* *Educated*

  407. Richard Feynman

  408. Q E D: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter_1
    1985; edited 1983 lectures—English
    *Great*

  409. Oliver Sacks

  410. The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat and Other Clinical Tales_1
    1985—English
    *Great*

  411. Stephen Hawking

  412. A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes_2
    1988; expanded 1996; abridged and edited version co-authored with Leonard Mlodinow entitled A Briefer History of Time published 2005—English
    *Great* *Educated*

  413. Jared Diamond

  414. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies_1
    1997—English
    *Great*