Greater Books
*The Lists*
*Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli**Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Oriental* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Campbell* *Norway* *Dirda* *Great* *Guardian* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

Will Durant, One Hundred Best Books for an Education [1933]

    166 entries: 101 monographical, 65 otherwise FINAL
    Unranked—arranged topically

    Will Durant's List of One Hundred Best Books for an Education: The Road to Freedom was originally included as part of an article for the American Magazine, Dec. 1929, entitled 'One Hundred Best Books'. Apparently, the next year, the American Library Association published the article as a monograph of some sort (a "broadside" according to one reference book). It was either revised for that version or for its inclusion in Durant's 1933 collection of essays, Adventures in Genius, the essay now entitled 'One Hundred Best Books for an Education', the list itself bearing the inscription, The Road to Freedom: Being One Hundred Best Books for an Education. That version added Diogenes Laërtius's Lives of the Philosophers and removed Sidney Bradshaw Fay's Origins of the World War, which, having been published in 1929, perhaps had been a rash choice on Durant's part. Yet another version, found in Have You Read 100 Great Books? (the *Hundred* list) includes Diogenes, but excludes Dickens's Pickwick Papers. Yet--yet!--another version, included in Durant's The Greatest Minds and Ideas of All Time, a posthumous collection of essays that came out in 2002, includes both works. So was the '46 omission of Pickwick an error? As with the Lubbock and Rexroth lists, we're using the last version made during the author's life as our final version of the list, so that Fay is excluded, Pickwick is not.

    Read more about the origin of this list at its Macroscopic 2013 page.


  1. John Arthur Thomson

  2. The Outline of Science_1
    1922—English
    *Durant*

  3. Logan Clendening

  4. The Human Body_1
    1927; revised 1930, 1937, and 1945—English
    *Durant*

    • John Harvey Kellogg

    New Dietetics: A Guide to Scientific Feeding in Health and Disease [excerpted]_1
    pp. 1-531, 975-1011; complete work published 1927—English
    *Durant*

  5. William James

  6. The Principles of Psychology_5
    1890—English
    *Durant* *Hundred* *Van Doren* *Read* *Adler* *Fadiman*

  7. H G Wells

  8. The Outline of History_1
    originally published serially 1919-20; revised by the author through 1937 edition; later revisions made by Raymond Postgate and G P Wells—English
    *Durant*

  9. William Graham Sumner

  10. Folkways: A Study of the Sociological Importance of Usages, Manners, Customs, Mores, and Morals_1
    1907—English
    *Durant*

  11. James George Frazer

  12. The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion_6
    originally entitled The Golden Bough: A Study in Comparative Religion, published in two volumes, 1890; expanded and retitled 1900 to three volumes; expanded 1906-15 to 12 volumes; supplemental volume added for 1937 edition; distinct abridged versions, 1922, 1959, and 1994; Durant and the Jasper Lee Company ("Hundred") specify the 1922 abridged edition, while Good Reading specifies the 1959—English
    *Durant* *Hundred* *Downs* *List* *Good* *Dirda*

  13. James Harvey Robinson

  14. The Ordeal of Civilization_1
    1926—English
    *Durant*

  15. James Henry Breasted

  16. The Conquest of Civilization_1
    1926—English
    *Durant*

    --
    • The Wisdom of the Chinese: Their Philosophy in Sayings and Proverbs_1

    1920; edited by Brian Brown; selections from (Confucius) Analects, The Doctrine of the Mean, Great Learning; (Mencius) The Real Man; (Lao Tzu) Tao-teh-king, Wu-wei, Precepts and Sayings; Chuang Tzu; Yang Chu; Kang-hsi's Sacred Edict; Kuan-yi-wu; Yu Tse; Tse-chan; plus sections entitled The Poetry of the Chinese, Proverbs and Maxims, and Moral Maxims—Chinese
    *Durant*

    --
    • The Book of Genesis_5

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Classics* *Learning* *Foundation* *Great*

    --
    • The Book of Exodus_4

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Learning* *Foundation* *Great*

    --
    • The Book of Ruth_1

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant*

    --
    • The Book of Esther_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Graphic*

    --
    • The Book of Job_8

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Foundation* *Norway* *Great*

    --
    • The Book of Psalms_4

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Educated*

    --
    • The Book of Proverbs_1

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant*

    --
    • Ecclesiastes_5

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Foundation* *Kanigel*

    --
    • Song of Songs_3

    Song of Solomon; Canticles
    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek

    *Durant* *Classics* *Rexroth*

    --
    • The Book of Isaiah_3

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Utne* *Great*

    --
    • The Book of Amos_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Classics*

    --
    • The Book of Micah_1

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant*

    --
    • The Gospel According to Matthew_1

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant*

    --
    • The Gospel According to Mark_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Foundation*

    --
    • The Gospel According to Luke_3

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • The Gospel According to John_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Acts of the Apostles_3

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to the Romans_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • First Epistle to the Corinthians_3

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Second Epistle to the Corinthians_3

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to the Galatians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to the Ephesians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to the Philippians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to the Colossians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • First Epistle to the Thessalonians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Second Epistle to the Thessalonians_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • First Epistle to Timothy_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Second Epistle to Timothy_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to Titus_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    --
    • Epistle to Philemon_2

    part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Durant* *Great*

    • Élie Faure

    Histoire de l'Art [excerpted]_1
    vol. I, chs. 1-8; vol. II, chs. 1-9; vol. III, chs. 4-6; vol. IV, chs. 1-8; complete work published in five volumes, 1919-21—French
    *Durant*

  17. Henry Smith Williams

  18. A History of Science_1
    published in ten volumes, 1904-10—English
    *Durant*

  19. J B Bury

  20. A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great_2
    1900—English
    *Durant* *Hundred*

  21. Herodotus

  22. Historiē_25
    History
    Fifth Century B.C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *World* *Educated*

  23. Thucydides

  24. History of the Peloponnesian War_23
    early Fifth Century B.C—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Great* *Telegraph* *World* *Educated*

  25. Plutarch

  26. Bìoi Paràllēloi_18
    Parallel Lives; Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans
    First Century—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Educated*

  27. Gilbert Murray

  28. A History of Ancient Greek Literature_1
    1897—English
    *Durant*

    Homer
    • Iliad [excerpted]_1

    unspecified selections; ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B C—Greek
    *Durant*

    • Odýsseia [excerpted]_1

    The Odyssey
    unspecified selections; ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B C—Greek

    *Durant*

  29. Aeschylus

  30. Promētheus Desmōtēs_12
    Prometheus Bound
    disputed authorship; Fifth Century B C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Newman*

    Sophocles
  31. Oidipous Tyrannos_25

  32. Oedipus Rex; Oedipus the King
    ca. 429 B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *World* *Newman* *Educated*

  33. Antigone_22

  34. ca. 441 B C—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *World* *Newman*

    • Euripides

    Plays_5
    late Fifth Century B C—Greek
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Rexroth* *Good* *Read*

  35. Diogenes Laërtius

  36. Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers_3
    Third Century—Greek
    *Durant* *Downs* *World*

    Plato
    • Dialogues_10

    early Fourth Century B_C—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Hundred* *France* *Read* *Magill* *Bloom* *Kanigel* *World*

  37. Apologia Socratis_16

  38. The Apology
    early Fourth Century B_C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear*

  39. Phaedo_14

  40. early Fourth Century B_C—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Eliot* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *O'Hear*

    • Politeia [excerpted]_1

    The Republic
    sections 327-32, 336-77, 384-85, 392-426, 433-35, 481-3, 512-20, 572-95; early Fourth Century B_C—Greek

    *Durant*

    Aristotle
  41. Ethika Nikomacheia_16

  42. Nicomachean Ethics
    Fourth Century B C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Reynolds*

  43. Politik_10

  44. Politics
    Fourth Century B.C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Invitation* *Downs* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Adler* *Fadiman* *Foundation*

  45. Titus Lucretius Carus

  46. De Rerum Natura_19
    On the Nature of Things
    First Century B.C—Latin

    *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro)

    Aeneid [excerpted]_1
    unspecified selections; First Century B C—Latin
    *Durant*

  47. Marcus Aurelius

  48. Ta Eis Heauton_17
    Meditations
    written 161-80—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Great*

  49. Edward Gibbon

  50. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire_23
    originally published in six volumes: first, 1776; second-third, 1781; fourth-sixth, 1788—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Telegraph* *World* *Educated*

  51. Omar Khayyam

  52. The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam_8
    ca. Eleventh-Twelfth centuries; compiled by Edward FitzGerald in five editions, 1859, 1868, 1872, 1879, and 1889—Persian
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Oriental* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great*

  53. George Moore

  54. Héloïse and Abélard_1
    1921—English
    *Durant*

  55. Dante

  56. La Divina Commedia_33
    The Divine Comedy
    originally entitled La Commedia; written ca. 1308-21—Italian

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

  57. Hippolyte Taine

  58. Histoire de la Littérature Anglaise_1
    1863; revised 1866—French
    *Durant*

    • Geoffrey Chaucer

    Canterbury Tales [excerpted]_1
    unspecified selections; 1478—English
    *Durant*

  59. Henry Adams

  60. Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres_5
    1913—English
    *Durant* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Fadiman*

  61. Cecil Gray

  62. The History of Music_1
    1928—English
    *Durant*

  63. John Addington Symonds

  64. Renaissance in Italy_1
    originally published in seven volumes, 1875-86—English
    *Durant*

  65. Benvenuto Cellini

  66. Vita di Benvenuto di Maestro Giovanni Cellini Fiorentino, Scritta, per Lui Medesimo, in Firenze_7
    Autobiography
    written 1558-62—Italian

    *Eliot* *Durant* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Ward* *Bloom* *Newman*

  67. Giorgio Vasari

  68. Le Vite de' Più Eccellenti Pittori, Scultori, e Architettori da Cimabue Insino a' Tempi Nostri_5
    The Lives of the Most Excellent Italian Painters, Sculptors, and Architects; The Lives of the Artists
    1550; expanded 1568—Italian

    *Durant* *Ward* *Bloom* *Kanigel* *Telegraph*

    • Harald Høffding

    Den Nyere Filosofis Historie [excerpted]_1
    A History of Modern Philosophy
    sections on Bruno, Machiavelli, Bacon, Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, Spinoza, and Leibnitz; complete work published in two volumes, 1894 and 1895—English

    *Durant*

  69. Niccolò Machiavelli

  70. Il Principe_28
    The Prince
    1532—Italian

    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Deposit* *Educated*

  71. Preserved Smith

  72. The Age of the Reformation_1
    1920—English
    *Durant*

    • Émile Faguet

    Histoire de la Littérature Française [excerpted]_1
    A Literary History of France
    sections on the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth centuries; complete work published 1900—French

    *Durant*

  73. François Rabelais

  74. La Vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel_22
    originally published in five volumes: Les Horribles et Épouvantables Faits et Prouesses du Très Renommé Pantagruel Roi des Dipsodes, Fils du Grand Géant Gargantua, 1532; La Vie Très Horrifique du Grand Gargantua, Père de Pantagruel, 1534; Le Tiers Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1546; Le Quart Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1552; Le Cinquiesme et Dernier Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1564; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Thomas Urquhart and Peter Motteux's English translation—French
    *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Hundred* *France* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Smart* *Newman*

  75. Michel de Montaigne

  76. Les Essais_26
    Essays
    originally published in three volumes: 1580, 1588, and 1595—French

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *World* *Newman* *Educated*

  77. Miguel de Cervantes

  78. El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha_36
    Don Quixote
    originally published in two volumes, 1605 and 1615; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Edith Grossman's English translation—Spanish

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Powys* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    William Shakespeare
    • Plays_4

    late Sixteenth-early Seventeenth centuries—English
    *Durant* *France* *Good* *Bloom*

  79. Hamlet_27

  80. 1602—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Taylor* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  81. King Lear_21

  82. 1606—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

  83. Macbeth_16

  84. ca. 1607—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Zane* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  85. Othello_14

  86. ca. 1604—English
    *Durant* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Norway* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  87. Romeo and Juliet_12

  88. ca. 1591-97—English
    *Durant* *Classics* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Zane* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  89. Julius Caesar_9

  90. 1599—English
    *Durant* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  91. The First Part of Henry IV_13

  92. 1597—English
    *Durant* *Classics* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  93. The Second Part of Henry IV_12

  94. 1600—English
    *Durant* *Classics* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  95. The Merchant of Venice_11

  96. ca. 1596-98—English
    *Durant* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  97. As You Like It_12

  98. 1603—English
    *Durant* *Hundred* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  99. A Midsummer's Night Dream_14

  100. ca. 1595-1600—English
    *Durant* *Hundred* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Taylor* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  101. Timon of Athens_7

  102. written ca. 1607—English
    *Durant* *Ward* *Adler* *SeymourSmith* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  103. The Tempest_20

  104. 1611—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Taylor* *World* *Newman*

  105. François de la Rochefoucauld

  106. Réflexions ou Sentences et Maximes Morales_4
    originally anonymously published 1665—French
    *Durant* *France* *Ward* *Bloom*

    • Molière

    Plays_5
    Seventeenth Century—French
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *France* *Fadiman*

  107. Tartuffe, ou l'Imposteur_14

  108. 1664—French
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Newman* *Educated*

  109. L'Avare ou L'École du Mensonge_9

  110. The Miser
    1668—French

    *Durant* *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Newman*

  111. Le Misanthrope ou l'Atrabilaire Amoureux_12

  112. The Misanthrope
    1666—French

    *Durant* *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Newman*

  113. Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme_8

  114. 1670—French
    *Durant* *Classics* *Ward* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Newman*

  115. Dom Juan ou le Festin de Pierre_6

  116. 1660—French
    *Durant* *Classics* *Ward* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman*

  117. Francis Bacon

  118. Essays: Religious Meditations. Places of Perswasion and Disswasion. Seene and Allowed_12
    1597; expanded 1612; expanded and retitled Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall, 1625—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Great*

    John Milton
    • 'Lycidas'_7

    originally published in Justa Edouardo King Naufrago, 1638; revised for inclusion in Poems of Mr. John Milton, Both English and Latin, 1645—English
    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Van Doren* *Ward* *Bloom* *Fadiman*

    • 'L'Allegro'_3

    originally published in Poems of Mr. John Milton, Both English and Latin, 1645—English
    *Durant* *Van Doren* *Ward*

    • 'Il Penseroso'_3

    originally published in Poems of Mr. John Milton, Both English and Latin, 1645—English
    *Durant* *Van Doren* *Ward*

    • Sonnets_3

    Seventeenth Century—English
    *Durant* *Classics* *Fadiman*

  119. Areopagitica; A Speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc'd Printing, to the Parliament of England_12

  120. 1644—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman*

    • Paradise Lost [excerpted]_1

    unspecified selections; complete work published 1667; revised 1674—English
    *Durant*

  121. Thomas Hobbes

  122. Leviathan or, The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil_16
    1651—English
    *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Telegraph* *Deposit*

    Baruch Spinoza
  123. Ethica, Ordine Geometrico Demonstrata_15

  124. Ethics
    1677—Latin

    *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Dirda* *Deposit*

  125. Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione_1

  126. 1677—Latin
    *Durant*

    • Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve

    Portraits of the Eighteenth Century_1
    1905; English translations of excerpts from Causeries du Lundi, Portraits de Femmes, and Portraits Littéraires—French
    *Durant*

    • Voltaire

    Selected works_2
    Eighteenth Century—French
    *Durant* *Fadiman*

  127. Candide, ou L'Optimisme_22

  128. 1759; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Tobias Smollett's English translation—French
    *Powys* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic*

  129. Zadig_6

  130. 1747—French
    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Ward* *Bloom* *Fadiman*

  131. Traité sur la Tolérance_1

  132. 1763—French
    *Durant*

    • 'Histoire'_1

    part of the eighth volume of Diderot's Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire Raisonné des Sciences, des Arts et des Métiers, 1765—French
    *Durant*

  133. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  134. Les Confessions_14
    1782—French
    *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *France* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Newman* *Educated*

  135. Hippolyte Taine

  136. Les Origines de la France Contemporaine_1
    originally published in five volumes: L'Ancien Régime, 1875; La Révolution: I - L'Anarchie, 1878; La Révolution: II - La Conquête Jacobin, 1881; La Révolution: III - Le Gouvernement Révolutionnaire, 1883; La Régime Moderne: I - Napoleon, 1890; La Régime Moderne: II, 1893—French
    *Durant*

  137. Thomas Carlyle

  138. The French Revolution_2
    1837; revised 1857—English
    *Lubbock* *Durant*

  139. James Boswell

  140. The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D._21
    1791—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman*

  141. Henry Fielding

  142. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling_19
    1749—English
    *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Newman*

  143. Laurence Sterne

  144. The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman_14
    originally published in nine volumes, 1759-67—English
    *Powys* *Durant* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Zane* *Smart* *Newman*

  145. Jonathan Swift

  146. Travels Into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and Then a Captain of Several Ships_29
    Gulliver's Travels
    1726; revised 1735—English

    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  147. David Hume

  148. A Treatise of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects_3
    first-seccond volumes, 1739; third volume, 1740—English
    *Durant* *Read* *SeymourSmith*

  149. Mary Wollstonecraft

  150. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman_8
    1792—English
    *Durant* *Downs* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Graphic* *Educated*

  151. Adam Smith

  152. An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations_14
    1776; revised through third edition, 1784—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor*

  153. Emil Ludwig

  154. Napoleon_1
    1925—German
    *Durant*

  155. Georg Brandes

  156. Hovedstrømninger i det 19de Aarhundredes Litteratur_1
    Main Currents in Nineteenth Century Literature
    published in six volumes, 1872-90—Danish

    *Durant*

  157. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

  158. Faust_26
    originally published in two volumes: first, Faust. Der Tragödie Erster Teil, published in part, 1790; in its entirey, 1808; revised 1829; second, Faust. Der Tragödie Zweiter Teil, 1832—German
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *GlobeMail* *World* *Newman*

  159. Johann Peter Eckermann

  160. Gespräche mit Goethe_3
    originally published in three volumes: first and second, 1836; third, 1848—German
    *Powys* *Durant* *Classics*

    • Heinrich Heine

    Poems_1
    Nineteenth Century—German
    *Durant*

    • John Keats

    Poems_7
    early Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Hundred* *Good* *Bloom* *Great* *Educated*

    • Percy Bysshe Shelley

    Poems_6
    early Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Good* *Bloom* *Great* *Newman*

    • Lord Byron

    Poems_5
    early Nineteenth Century—English
    *Durant* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Great*

  161. Honoré de Balzac

  162. Le Père Goriot_14
    Father Goriot
    originally published serially Dec. 1834-Feb. 1835 in Revue de Paris—French

    *Eliot* *Powys* *Durant* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Newman*

    • Gustave Flaubert

    Selected works_1
    Nineteenth Century—French
    *Durant*

  163. Madame Bovary_29

  164. originally published serially Oct. 1856-Dec. 1856 in La Revue de Paris; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Frances Steegmuller's English translation—French
    *Classics* *Durant* *Hundred* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  165. Salammbô_4

  166. 1862—French
    *Durant* *Classics* *Bloom* *Newman*

  167. Victor Hugo

  168. Les Misérables_18
    1862—French
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Guardian* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit*

  169. Anatole France

  170. L'Île des Pingouins_4
    1908—French
    *Durant* *Hundred* *Magill* *Bloom*

    • Alfred, Lord Tennyson

    Poems_4
    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Bloom* *Educated*

  171. Charles Dickens

  172. The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club_14
    The Pickwick Papers
    originally published serially Apr. 1836-Nov. 1837 under the pseudonym, Boz—English

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Newman*

  173. William Makepeace Thackeray

  174. Vanity Fair: A Novel Without a Hero_18
    originally published serially Jan. 1847-Jul. 1848—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Zulli* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman*

  175. Ivan Turgenev

  176. Otcy i Deti_11
    Fathers and Children; Fathers and Sons
    originally published Feb. 1862 in Rússkij Véstnik—Russian

    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Newman*

  177. Fyodor Dostoevsky

  178. Brat'â Karamazovy_23
    The Brothers Karamazov
    originally published serially 1880 in Rússkij Véstnik—Russian

    *Powys* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Norway* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman*

  179. Leo Tolstoy

  180. Voyna i Mir"_24
    War and Peace
    originally entitled 1805, published in part, 1865 and 1867; retitled and published in its entirety, 1869—Russian

    *Invitation* *Hundred* *France* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Newman*

  181. Henrik Ibsen

  182. Peer Gynt_6
    1867—Norwegian
    *Durant* *Classics* *Ward* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman*

  183. Charles Darwin

  184. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex_4
    1871—English
    *Durant* *Read* *Adler* *Recommended*

  185. Henry Thomas Buckle

  186. Introduction to the History of Civilization in England_1
    1857—English
    *Durant*

    • Arnold Schopenhauer

    Selected works_1
    Nineteenth Century—German
    *Durant*

  187. Friedrich Nietzsche

  188. Also Sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen_15
    Thus Spake Zarathustra
    originally published in four volumes, 1883-5—German

    *Powys* *Durant* *Hundred* *France* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *World* *Graphic*

  189. Charles and Mary Beard

  190. The Rise of American Civilization_2
    1927—English
    *Durant* *Hundred*

    Edgar Allan Poe
    • Poems_4

    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Zulli* *Durant* *Newman*

    • Stories_6

    Newman specifies "Gothic stories" and "Auguste Dupin stories"; Nineteenth Century—English
    *Durant* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Good* *Learning* *Newman*

    • Ralph Waldo Emerson

    Essays_8
    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Hundred* *Read* *Magill* *Good* *Newman*

  191. Henry David Thoreau

  192. Walden; or, Life in the Woods_20
    1854—English
    *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Campbell* *Great* *Smart* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  193. Walt Whitman

  194. Leaves of Grass_20
    1855; expanded and revised through ninth edition, 1892—English
    *Powys* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    Abraham Lincoln
    • Speeches_2

    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Durant* *Invitation*

    • Correspondence_1

    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Durant*

  195. Romain Rolland

  196. Jean Christophe_3
    published in ten volumes: L'Aube, 1904; Le Matin, 1904; L'Adolescent, 1904; La Révolte, 1905; La Foir sur la Place, 1908; Antoinette, 1908; Dans la Maison, 1908; Les Amies, 1910; Le Buisson Ardent, 1911; La Nouvelle Journée, 1912—French
    *Powys* *Durant* *Hundred*

    • Havelock Ellis

    Studies in the Psychology of Sex [excerpted]_1
    first-third and sixth volumes; complete work published in seven volumes, 1897-1928—English
    *Durant*

  197. Henry Adams

  198. The Education of Henry Adams_11
    1918—English
    *Durant* *Invitation* *Hundred* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Foundation* *Fadiman* *Kanigel*

  199. Henri Bergson

  200. L'Evolution Créatrice_3
    1907—French
    *Durant* *Classics* *Read*

  201. Oswald Spengler

  202. Der Untergang des Abendlandes_1
    The Decline of the West
    published in two volumes, 1918 and 1923; first volume revised 1922—German

    *Durant*