The Lists
*Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Oriental* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Campbell* *Norway* *Dirda* *Great* *Guardian* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

Susan Wise Bauer, The Well-Educated Mind: A Guide to the Classical Education You Never Had [2016]

    177 entries: 147 monographical, 30 otherwise
    Unranked—arranged topically

    The revised and expanded second edition of this book includes annotated reading lists at the end of each of the six chapters of its second part, Reading: Jumping Into the Great Conversation. Those six chapters correspond to six genre distinctions: novel; autobiography and memoir; history and politics; drama; poetry; and science. Bauer recommends particular editions and translations of each work; these are not included (unlike in the case of the Bloom and "Smart" lists) because, comparatively, a larger number of versions are noted; that is, for most entries, multiple editions are suggested among which the reader can take his pick. This editorial decision: not to make note of the various editions of works, only encounters difficulties when we come to the poetry section, where we see many non-monographical, indeterminate selections. Bauer includes, for all of these, lists of poems that her reader should "be sure to read"; unfortunately, these lists come after her recommendations of particular collected editions of the poet's work similar to the recommendations of certain editions of the novels, etc., listed in the other sections. Moreover, some of the monographical works in the poetry section, such as The Canterbury Tales, also have certain portions listed in the "be sure to read" category. In other words, if we were to include the individual poems that Bauer has highlighted, to be consistent we also need to create separate entries for these excerpts of monographical works—and make note of the various editions noted for each entry in the entire list. If the "be sure to read" poems had been listed above the volumes of collected works, we would only have to do the former. Either way, for the time being, we take the simpler approach. If the Greater Books project comes to entail documenting the contents of every anthology named by all of our listmakers, and other elaborations of the entries in the submaster list, we could justify going back to include at least the individuals poems that Bauer notes.

  1. Miguel de Cervantes

  2. El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha_37
    Don Quixote
    originally published in two volumes, 1605 and 1615; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Edith Grossman's English translation—Spanish

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  3. John Bunyan

  4. The Pilgrim's Progress From This World to That Which Is to Come_18
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Invitation* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

  5. Jonathan Swift

  6. Travels Into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and Then a Captain of Several Ships_29
    Gulliver's Travels
    1726; revised 1735—English

    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  7. Jane Austen

  8. Pride and Prejudice_30
    originally anonymously published 1813—English
    *Eliot* *Powys* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  9. Charles Dickens

  10. Oliver Twist; or, The Parish Boy's Progress _9
    originally published under the pseudonym, Boz, serially Feb. 1837-April 1839 in Bentley's Miscellany—English
    *Classics* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Kanigel* *Campbell* *Guardian* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  11. Charlotte Brontë

  12. Jane Eyre: An Autobiography_16
    originally published under the pseudonym, Currer Bell, 1847—English
    *Zulli* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  13. Nathaniel Hawthorne

  14. The Scarlet Letter_21
    *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  15. Herman Melville

  16. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale_26
    *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Guardian* *Zane* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  17. Harriet Beecher Stowe

  18. Uncle Tom's Cabin_6
    *Downs* *Rexroth* *Recommended* *Smart* *Taylor* *Educated*

  19. Gustave Flaubert

  20. Madame Bovary_29
    originally published serially Oct. 1856-Dec. 1856 in La Revue de Paris; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Frances Steegmuller's English translation—French
    *Classics* *Durant* *Hundred* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  21. Fyodor Dostoevsky

  22. Prestuplénie i Nakazániye_23
    Crime and Punishment
    originally published serially Jan.-Dec. 1866 in Rússkij Véstnik; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky's English translation—Russian

    *Eliot* *Powys* *Classics* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  23. Leo Tolstoy

  24. Anna Karenina_20
    published in part serially 1873-7 in Rússkij Véstnik; in its entirety, 1877; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky's English translation—Russian
    *Eliot* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  25. Thomas Hardy

  26. The Return of the Native_8
    originally published serially Jan.-Dec. 1878 in Belgravia, the Magazine of Fashion and Amusement—English
    *Powys* *Classics* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Campbell* *Newman* *Educated*

  27. Henry James

  28. The Portrait of a Lady_14
    originally published serially Oct. 1880-Nov. 1881 in Macmillan's and Nov. 1880-Dec. 1881 in the Atlantic Monthly—English
    *Eliot* *Classics* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Educated*

  29. Mark Twain

  30. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn_23
    *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  31. Stephen Crane

  32. The Red Badge of Courage_9
    published in part serially Dec. 1894 in the Philadelphia Press; in its entirety, 1895—English
    *Zulli* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Smart* *Campbell* *Newman* *Educated*

  33. Joseph Conrad

  34. Heart of Darkness_16
    originally published serially Feb.-Apr. 1899 in Blackwood's—English
    *Magill* *Adler* *Learning* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  35. Edith Wharton

  36. The House of Mirth_5
    *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Smart* *Newman* *Educated*

  37. F Scott Fitzgerald

  38. The Great Gatsby_17
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Zane* *Great* *Guardian* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  39. Virginia Woolf

  40. Mrs. Dalloway_11
    published in part, Jul. 1923, as 'Mrs. Dalloway in Bond Street', in the Dial; in its entirety, 1925—English
    *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Educated*

  41. Franz Kafka

  42. Der Prozess_16
    The Trial

    *France* *Read* *List* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Newman* *Educated*

  43. Richard Wright

  44. Native Son_8
    *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Kanigel* *Zane* *Educated*

  45. Albert Camus

  46. L'Étranger_14
    The Stranger

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Harvard* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  47. George Orwell

  48. Nineteen Eighty-Four_17
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Graphic* *Educated*

  49. Ralph Ellison

  50. Invisible Man_12
    *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Educated*

  51. Saul Bellow

  52. Seize the Day_3
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Educated*

  53. Gabriel García Márquez

  54. Cien Anõs de Soledad_18
    One Hundred Years of Solitude
    1967; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Gregory Rabassa's English translation—Spanish

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  55. Italo Calvino

  56. Se una Notte d'Inverno un Viaggiatore_5
    If on a Winter's Night a Traveler

    *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Dirda* *Harvard* *Educated*

  57. Toni Morrison

  58. Song of Solomon_4
    *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Harvard* *Educated*

  59. Don DeLillo

  60. White Noise_3
    *Bloom* *Harvard* *Educated*

  61. A S Byatt

  62. Possession_3
    *Guardian* *Smart* *Educated*

  63. Cormac McCarthy

  64. The Road_1

  65. Augustine of Hippo

  66. Confessionum Libri Tredecim_23
    The Confessions of St. Augustine
    written 397-98—Latin

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *O'Hear* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Educated*

  67. Margery Kempe

  68. The Book of Margery Kempe_1
    written ca. 1430-8—English

  69. Michel de Montaigne

  70. Les Essais_26
    originally published in three volumes: 1580, 1588, and 1595—French

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *World* *Newman* *Educated*

  71. Teresa of Ávila

  72. La Vida de Santa Teresa de Jesús_3
    *Ward* *Graphic* *Educated*

  73. René Descartes

  74. Meditationes de Prima Philosophia, in Qua Dei Existentia et Animae Immortalitas Demonstratur_6
    Meditations on First Philosophy
    1641; French version, Meéeditations Metaphysiques, 1647—Latin

    *Classics* *Read* *Adler* *Reynolds* *World* *Educated*

  75. John Bunyan

  76. Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners: or, A Brief and Faithful Relation of the Exceeding Mercy of God in Christ, to his Poor Servant John Bunyan_2
    *Newman* *Educated*

  77. Mary Rowlandson

  78. The Sovereignty and Goodness of God: Being a Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson_1

  79. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  80. Les Confessions_14
    *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *France* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Newman* *Educated*

  81. Benjamin Franklin

  82. Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin_7
    French translation published 1791 as Mémoires de la Vie Privée de Benjamin Franklin; first-third parts of the original English published 1818 as volume one of Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Benjamin Franklin; original English published in its entirety, 1868—English
    *Eliot* *Hundred* *Downs* *Zulli* *Magill* *Smart* *Educated*

  83. Frederick Douglass

  84. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave_6
    *Rexroth* *Bloom* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Smart* *Educated*

  85. Henry David Thoreau

  86. Walden; or, Life in the Woods_20
    *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Campbell* *Great* *Smart* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  87. Harriet Ann Jacobs

  88. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl_1
    published in part serially in the New-York Tribune; in its entirety, 1861—English

  89. Booker T Washington

  90. Up From Slavery_1
    originally published serially 1900 in the Outlook—English

  91. Friedrich Nietzsche

  92. Ecce Homo: Wie Man Wird, Was Man Ist_4
    *Powys* *Classics* *Fadiman* *Educated*

  93. Adolf Hitler

  94. Mein Kampf_3
    originally published in two volumes, 1925 and 1926—German
    *Downs* *Kanigel* *Educated*

  95. Mohandas K Gandhi

  96. The Story of My Experiments With the Truth_4
    originally published serially 1925-9 in Navijan—Gujarati
    *Ward* *Oriental* *Great* *Educated*

  97. Gertrude Stein

  98. The Autobiography of Alice B Toklas_2
    published in part in the Atlantic Monthly; in its entirety, 1933—English
    *Newman* *Educated*

  99. Thomas Merton

  100. The Seven Storey Mountain_2
    *Kanigel* *Educated*

  101. C S Lewis

  102. Surprised by Joy: The Shape of My Early Life_1

  103. Alex Haley and Malcolm X

  104. The Autobiography of Malcolm X_2
    *Learning* *Educated*

  105. Maya Angelou

  106. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings_4
    *Campbell* *Great* *Deposit* *Educated*

  107. May Sarton

  108. Journal of a Solitude_1

  109. Alexander Solzhenitsyn

  110. Arhipelag GULAG_2
    The Gulag Archipelago

    *Bloom* *Educated*

  111. Charles Colson

  112. Born Again_1

  113. Richard Rodriguez

  114. Hunger of Memory: The Education of Richard Rodriguez_1

  115. Jill Conway

  116. The Road From Coorain_1

  117. Elie Wiesel

  118. Tous les Fleuves Vont à la Mer_1
    All Rivers Run to the Sea: Memoirs, Vol. I, 1928–1969


  119. Herodotus

  120. Historiē_25
    Fifth Century B.C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *World* *Educated*

  121. Thucydides

  122. History of the Peloponnesian War_23
    early Fifth Century B.C—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Great* *Telegraph* *World* *Educated*

  123. Plato

  124. Politeia_24
    The Republic
    early Fourth Century B.C—Greek

    *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Educated*

  125. Plutarch

  126. Bìoi Paràllēloi_18
    Parallel Lives; Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans
    First Century—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Educated*

  127. Augustine of Hippo

  128. De Civitate Dei Contra Paganos_9
    City of God

    *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Adler* *Bloom* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Great* *Educated*

  129. Bede

  130. Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum_4
    written ca. 731—Latin
    *Downs* *Trinity* *World* *Educated*

  131. Niccolò Machiavelli

  132. Il Principe_29
    The Prince

    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Deposit* *Educated*

  133. Thomas More
    Libellus Uere Aureus, nec Minus Salutaris Quam Festivus, de Optimo rei Publicae Statu Deque Nova Insula Utopia_14

    *Eliot* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *Educated*

    • John Locke

    Second Treatise [second part of Two Treatises of Government: In the Former, the False Principles, and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer, and His Followers, Are Detected and Overthrown. The Latter Is an Essay Concerning the True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government]_8
    complete work originally anonymously published 1689—English
    *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Great* *Reynolds* *Educated*

    • David Hume

  134. The History of England [excerpted]_1
    fifth volume; complete work originally published in six volumes: fifth, 1754; sixth, 1756; third-fourth, 1759; first-second, 1761—English

  135. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  136. Du Contrat Social ou Principes du Droit Politique_17
    The Social Contract

    *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Educated*

  137. Thomas Paine

  138. Common Sense; Addresed to the Inhabitants of America_4
    *Downs* *SeymourSmith* *Taylor* *Educated*

  139. Edward Gibbon

  140. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire_23
    originally published in six volumes: first, 1776; second-third, 1781; fourth-sixth, 1788—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Telegraph* *World* *Educated*

  141. Mary Wollstonecraft

  142. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman_8
    *Durant* *Downs* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Graphic* *Educated*

  143. Alexis de Tocqueville

  144. De la Démocratie en Amérique_12
    Democracy in America
    originally published in two volumes, 1835 and 1840—French

    *Downs* *Read* *Adler* *Magill* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Great* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *Educated*

  145. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

  146. Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei_13
    The Communist Manifesto

    *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Taylor* *Reynolds* *Educated*

  147. Jacob Burckhardt

  148. Die Kultur der Renaissance in Italien_3
    The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy; 1860—German
    *Dirda* *World* *Educated*

  149. W E B Du Bois

  150. The Souls of Black Folk_1
    published in part serially in the Atlantic; in its entirety, 1903—English

  151. Max Weber

  152. Die Protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus_3
    The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

    *Foundation* *Great* *Educated*

  153. Lytton Strachey

  154. Queen Victoria_2
    *Fadiman* *Educated*

  155. George Orwell

  156. The Road to Wigan Pier_1

  157. Perry Miller

  158. The New England Mind: The Seventeenth Century_1

  159. John Kenneth Galbraith

  160. The Great Crash, 1929_1
    1955; revised 1961, 1972, 1988, 1997, and 2009—English

  161. Betty Friedan

  162. The Feminine Mystique_2
    *SeymourSmith* *Educated*

  163. Eugene Genovese

  164. Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made_1

  165. Barbara W Tuchman

  166. A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century_2
    *Deposit* *Educated*

  167. Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein

  168. All the President's Men_1

  169. James M McPherson

  170. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era_1
    1988; abridged version, 2003—English

  171. Laurel Thatcher Ulrich

  172. A Midwife's Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard, Based on Her Diary, 1785-1812_1

  173. Francis Fukuyuma
    The End of History and the Last Man_1
    1992; based in part on 'The End of History?" published Summer 1989 in the National Interest—English

    • Aeschylus

  174. Agamemnon_3
    part of The Oresteia; 458 B C—Greek
    *Foundation* *O'Hear* *Educated*

  175. Sophocles

  176. Oidipous Tyrannos_25
    Oedipus Rex; Oedipus the King
    ca. 429 B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *World* *Newman* *Educated*

  177. Euripides

  178. Mēdeia_17
    431 B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Michael Collier and Georgia Ann Machemer's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Norway* *Great* *Smart* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  179. Aristophanes

  180. Ornithes_13
    The Birds
    414 B.C—Greek

    *Downs* *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Educated*

  181. Aristotle

  182. Peri Poiêtikês_15
    De Poetica; Poetics
    Fourth Century B.C—Greek

    *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Smart* *Educated*

  183. The Somonyng of Everyman_4

  184. late Fifteenth Century—English
    *Magill* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Educated*

  185. Christopher Marlowe

  186. The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus_10
    *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Classics* *Ward* *Magill* *Recommended* *Campbell* *Dirda* *Newman* *Educated*

    William Shakespeare
  187. Richard III_11

  188. ca. 1592-7—English
    *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Campbell* *Great* *Taylor* *World* *Newman* *Educated*

  189. A Midsummer Night's Dream_14

  190. ca. 1595-1600—English
    *Durant* *Hundred* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Taylor* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  191. Hamlet_27

  192. 1602—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Taylor* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  193. Molière

  194. Tartuffe, ou l'Imposteur_15
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

  195. William Congreve

  196. The Way of the World_6
    *Read* *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Newman* *Educated*

  197. Oliver Goldsmith

  198. She Stoops to Conquer_6
    *Eliot* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Educated*

  199. Richard Brinsley Sheridan

  200. School for Scandal_6
    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Ward* *Bloom* *Smart* *Educated*

  201. Henrik Ibsen

  202. Et Dukkehjem_14
    A Doll's House

    *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Newman* *Educated*

  203. Oscar Wilde

  204. The Importance of Being Earnest_8
    *Powys* *Ward* *Magill* *Recommended* *Smart* *Trinity* *Newman* *Educated*

  205. Anton Chekhov

  206. Višhnëvyj Sad_8
    The Cherry Orchard

    *Classics* *Ward* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Newman* *Educated*

  207. George Bernard Shaw

  208. Saint Joan_8
    *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Educated*

  209. T S Eliot

  210. Murder in the Cathedral_4
    *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Recommended* *Educated*

  211. Thornton Wilder

  212. Our Town_5
    *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Educated*

  213. Eugene O'Neill

  214. Long Day's Journey Into Night_8
    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Educated*

  215. Jean-Paul Sartre

  216. Huis Clos_6
    No Exit

    *Read* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Educated*

  217. Tennessee Williams

  218. A Streetcar Named Desire_5
    *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Educated*

  219. Arthur Miller

  220. Death of a Salesman_6
    *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Educated*

  221. Samuel Beckett

  222. En Attendant Godot_13
    Waiting for Godot

    *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Graphic* *Educated*

  223. Robert Bolt

  224. A Man for All Seasons_1
    television version, 1957; theatrical version, 1960—English

  225. Tom Stoppard

  226. Rosencratz and Guildenstern Are Dead_2
    *Recommended* *Educated*

  227. Peter Shaffer

  228. Equus_3
    *Recommended* *Trinity* *Educated*

  229. Sha Naqba Imuru_11

  230. The Epic of Gilgamesh; He Who Saw the Deep
    Eighteenth-Tenth centuries B.C—Sumerian; Akkadian

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Norway* *Great* *Graphic* *Educated*

  231. Iliad_33

  232. ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B.C; Cowan and Guinness ("Trinity") specifiy Richard Lattimore's English translation; Mallison ("Smart") notes Derek Jacobi's modern aural version—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  233. Odýsseia_36
    The Odyssey
    ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Robert Fitzgerald's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • "Greek Lyricists"

  234. Selected works_1
    unspecified selection; Sappho, Pindar, and Solon are noted—Greek

  235. Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus)

  236. Carmina_11
    originally published in four volumes: first-third, 23 B.C; fourth, 13 B.C—Latin

    *Baldwin* *Powys* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Bloom* *Taylor* *Trinity* *Newman* *Educated*

  237. Beowulf_14
    ca. Eighth-Eleventh centuries; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Seamus Heaney's modern English version—English
    *Eliot* *Classics* *Rexroth* *Magill* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Dirda* *Great* *Smart* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Dante

  238. Inferno_6
    part of La Divina Commedia; written ca. 1308-21; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Robert and Jean Hollander's English translation—Italian
    *Learning* *Foundation* *Campbell* *Smart* *Graphic* *Educated*

  239. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight_7

  240. probably the same author as Pearl (the "Gawain poet" or "Pearl poet"); late Fourteenth Century—English
    *Magill* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

  241. Geoffrey Chaucer

  242. Canterbury Tales_30
    1478; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Nevill Coghill's modern English version—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  243. William Shakespeare
    1609; two sonnets originally published in The Passionate Pilgrim, 1599—English
    *Classics* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Recommended* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Educated*

    • John Donne

    early Seventeenth Century—English
    *List* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Trinity* *Newman* *Educated*

    • The Book of Psalms_4

  244. part of the Bible—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Educated*

  245. John Milton

  246. Paradise Lost_27
    1667; revised 1674—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Invitation* *Classics* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  247. William Blake
    Songs of Innocence and Experience Showing the Two Contrary States of the Human Soul_11
    published in part, 1789, as Songs of Innocence; in its entirety, 1794—English
    *Classics* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Educated*

    • William Wordsworth

    late Eighteenth-early Nineteenth centuries—English
    *Baldwin* *Read* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

    • Samuel Taylor Coleridge

    late Eighteenth-early Nineteenth centuries—English
    *Read* *Van Doren* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

    • John Keats

    early Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Hundred* *Good* *Bloom* *Great* *Educated*

    • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Educated*

    • Alfred, Lord Tennyson

  248. Poems_4
    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Bloom* *Educated*

  249. Walt Whitman
    Leaves of Grass_20
    1855; expanded and revised through ninth edition, 1892—English
    *Powys* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Emily Dickinson

    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Zane* *Newman* *Educated*

    • Christina Rossetti

    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Bloom* *Educated*

    • Gerard Manley Hopkins

    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Ward* *Bloom* *Educated*

    • William Butler Yeats

    late Nineteenth-early Twentieth centuries—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Newman* *Educated*

    • Paul Laurence Dunbar

    late Nineteenth-early Twentieth centuries—English

    • Robert Frost

    Twentieth Century—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Educated*

    • Carl Sandburg

    Twentieth Century—English

    • William Carlos Williams

    Twentieth Century—English

    • Ezra Pound

    Twentieth Century—English
    *Dirda* *Educated*

    • T S Eliot

    Twentieth Century—English
    *Van Doren* *Good* *Educated*

    • Langston Hughes

    Twentieth Century—English

    • W H Auden

    Twentieth Century—English
    *Dirda* *Educated*

    • Hippocrates

  250. Hippocratic Corpus [excerpted]_1
    On Airs, Waters, and Places; late Fifth-early Fourth centuries B.C—Greek

  251. Aristotle

  252. Physics_5
    Fourth Century B.C—Greek
    *Downs* *Read* *Adler* *Great* *Educated*

  253. Titus Lucretius Carus
    De Rerum Natura_19
    On the Nature of Things
    First Century B.C—Latin

    *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Nicolaus Copernicus

  254. 'Commentariolus'_1
    written ca. 1514—Latin

  255. Francis Bacon

  256. Novum Organum Scientiarium_10
    *Lubbock* *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Educated*

  257. Galileo

  258. Dialogo Sopra i due Massimi Sistemi del Mondo_8
    Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems

    *Downs* *Learning* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *Taylor* *GlobeMail* *Educated*

  259. Robert Hooke
    Micrographica: Or Some Physiological Descriptions of Minute Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses With Observations and Inquiries Thereupon_3
    *Downs* *Great* *Educated*

    • Isaac Newton

    Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica [excerpted]_1
    The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
    Rules; General Scholium; complete work published 1687; revised 1713 and 1726—Latin


    • Georges Cuvier

    'Discours Préliminaire'_1
    part of Recherches sur les Ossemens Fossiles de Quadrupèdes, 1812—French

    • Charles Lyell

  260. Principles of Geology: Being an Attempt to Explain the Former Changes of the Earth's Surface, by Reference to Causes Now in Operation [excerpted]_1
    first volume; complete work originally published in three volumes: 1830, 1832, and 1833—English

  261. Charles Darwin
    On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life_23
    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *Deposit* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Gregor Mendel

  262. 'Versuche über Pflanzen-Hybriden'_3
    'Experiments on Plant Hybrids'
    originally published 1866 in Verhandlungen des Naturforschenden Vereins Brünn; edited 1865 lecture—German

    *Downs* *SeymourSmith* *Educated*

  263. Alfred Wegener

  264. Die Entstehung der Kontinente und Ozeane_1
    The Origin of Continents and Oceans
    1915; revised 1920, 1922, and 1929—German


  265. Albert Einstein

  266. Über die Spezielle und die Allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, Gemeinverständlich_5
    Relativity, the Special and the General Theory: A Popular Exposition
    1917; revised through fourteenth edition, 1922—German

    *Downs* *Adler* *Great* *Taylor* *Educated*

  267. Max Planck

  268. Die Entstehung und Bisherige Entwicklung der Quantentheorie_2
    Origin and Development of the Quantum Theory: Being the Nobel Prize Address Delivered Before the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, 2 June, 1920

    *Read* *Educated*

  269. Julian Huxley

  270. Evolution: The Modern Synthesis_1

  271. Erwin Schrödinger

  272. What Is Life?_2
    1944; edited 1943 lectures—English
    *Adler* *Educated*

  273. Rachel Carson

  274. Silent Spring_8
    originally published Jun. 1962 in the New Yorker—English
    *Downs* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Deposit* *Educated*

  275. Desmond Morris

  276. The Naked Ape: A Zoologist's Study of the Human Animal_1

  277. James D Watson

  278. The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of D N A_3
    *Fadiman* *Great* *Educated*

  279. Robert Dawkins

  280. The Selfish Gene_2
    *Great* *Educated*

  281. Steven Weinberg

  282. The First Three Minutes: A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe_1
    1977; expanded 1993—English

  283. E O Wilson

  284. On Human Nature_1

  285. James Lovelock

  286. Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth_1

  287. Stephen Jay Gould

  288. The Mismeasure of Man_2
    *Great* *Educated*

  289. James Gleick

  290. Chaos: Making a New Science_1
    *Utne* *Educated*

  291. Stephen Hawking

  292. A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes_2
    1988; expanded 1996; abridged and edited version co-authored with Leonard Mlodinow entitled A Briefer History of Time published 2005—English
    *Great* *Educated*

  293. Walter Alvarez

  294. T Rex and the Crater of Doom_1