Greater Books
*The Lists*
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Arthur Waldorn, Olga S Weber, and Arthur Zeiger, Good Reading: A Guide for Serious Readers, 23rd edition [1990]

    106 entries: 81 monographical, 25 otherwise FINAL
    Unranked—arranged alphabetically by author within chronological sections

    Good Reading: A Guide for Serious Readers, 23rd (and, apparently, final) edition [1990], features a list of 101 Significant Books, A Short List of Books to Read on Vacation, A Short List of Books to Read Before Entering College, and A Short List of Books to Read After Retirement. We're only interested here in the first list. Following the Greater Books guidelines, the final version of the Significant Books list is used. According to the list introductions found in both the 22nd and 23rd editions, the list of Significant Books was included in the first edition of Good Reading, in 1934, and has been revised "several times." The list is a good one, though it's perhaps the (best) worst example of the listmakers not bothering to list actual books in a list of books and, furthermore, having non-book entries that are incredibly vague (yes, Robert Frost did write poems, thanks). The only book included in the 22nd edition not found in the 23rd edition's list below is Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy. Zola, Beauvoir, Borges, Márquez, and Woolf were added in the 23rd.

    More recently, I found a copy of the 21st edition, from which we learn of the items added to the 22nd, as Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, Spinoza's Ethics, Dickinson, Nietzsche's Will to Power, Einstein's Theory of Relativity, Ellison's Invisible Man, Proust, and Yeats are not found in the earlier book. However, the items that appear in the 21st but not the 22nd are more numerous: Aristotle - Politics; Herodotus - History; Marcus Aurelius - Meditations; Cellini - Autobiography; Franklin - Autobiography; Pepys - Diary; Butler - The Way of All Flesh; Maupassant - Short Stories; Wordsworth; Huxley - Brave New World; Lewis - Arrowsmith; Sandburg - Lincoln; Steinbeck - The Grapes of Wrath; and Veblen - The Theory of the Leisure Class. A couple authors's selections were changed from the 21st to the 22nd/ 23rd: Dickens's David Copperfield replaced Grand Expectations; while Lawrence's Women in Love replaced Sons and Lovers


  1. Aeschylus

  2. Oresteia_19
    The House of Atreus
    458 B C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Zane* *Newman*

    • Aesop

    Fables_6
    ca. late Seventh-early Sixth centuries B C—Greek
    *Baldwin* *Invitation* *Downs* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom*

    • Aristophanes

    Plays_4
    late Fifth Century B C—Greek
    *Baldwin* *France* *Good* *Read*

  3. Aristotle

  4. Ethika Nikomacheia_16
    Nicomachean Ethics
    Fourth Century B C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Reynolds*

    --
  5. The Bible_17

  6. Downs also lists John Wycliffe's 1382 English translation of the Vulgate; Bloom, Dirda, and the Globe and Mail specify the King James Version, translated 1604-11 to English from the Hebrew and Aramaic (Old Testament) and the Greek (New Testament), revised 1769 by Benjamin Blayney—Hebrew; Aramaic; Greek
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Dirda* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *World*

  7. Confucius (Kǒng Zǐ) (Kǒng Fūzǐ) (K'ung Fu-tzu)

  8. Analects_12
    Lún Yǔ
    written and compiled by the author's pupils; ca. Fifth Century B C-Second Century—Chinese

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Downs* *Ward* *Oriental* *Good* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *Taylor* *World* *Graphic*

    • Euripides

    Plays_5
    late Fifth Century B C—Greek
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Rexroth* *Good* *Read*

    Homer
  9. Iliad_33

  10. ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B.C; Cowan and Guinness ("Trinity") specifiy Richard Lattimore's English translation; Mallison ("Smart") notes Derek Jacobi's modern aural version—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  11. Odýsseia_36

  12. The Odyssey
    ca. Ninth-Eighth centuries B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Robert Fitzgerald's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  13. Lǎozǐ (Lao-tzu) (Laocius)

  14. Dàodéjǐng_11
    Tao te Ching
    ca. Sixth Century B C—Chinese

    *Rexroth* *Ward* *Oriental* *Good* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Utne* *Dirda* *Great* *World* *Graphic*

  15. Titus Lucretius Carus

  16. De Rerum Natura_19
    On the Nature of Things
    First Century B.C—Latin

    *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *Graphic* *Educated*

    Plato
  17. Politeia_24

  18. The Republic
    early Fourth Century B.C—Greek

    *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Educated*

  19. Symposium_10

  20. early Fourth Century B C—Greek
    *Invitation* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Graphic*

  21. Plutarch

  22. Bìoi Paràllēloi_18
    Parallel Lives; Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans
    First Century—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Educated*

    Sophocles
  23. Antigone_22

  24. ca. 441 B C—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *World* *Newman*

  25. Oidipous epi Kolōnō_20

  26. Oedipus at Colonus
    401 B C—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *World* *Newman*

  27. Oidipous Tyrannos_25

  28. Oedipus Rex; Oedipus the King
    ca. 429 B.C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald's English translation—Greek

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *World* *Newman* *Educated*

  29. Thucydides

  30. History of the Peloponnesian War_23
    early Fifth Century B.C—Greek
    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Great* *Telegraph* *World* *Educated*

  31. Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro)

  32. Aeneid_26
    First Century B C; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Dudley Fitts and Robert Fagles's English translation—Latin
    *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

    --
  33. Kitab alf Laylah Wa-Laylah_17

  34. The Thousand and One Nights; The Arabian Nights
    Ninth-Fifteenth centuries; Taylor specifies Richard Burton's version—Arabic

    *Lubock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *France* *Downs* *Ward* *Magill* *Oriental* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Taylor*

  35. Francis Bacon

  36. Essays: Religious Meditations. Places of Perswasion and Disswasion. Seene and Allowed_12
    1597; expanded 1612; expanded and retitled Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall, 1625—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Great*

  37. Giovanni Boccaccio

  38. Il Decameron, Cognominato Prencipe Galeotto_12
    ca. 1351-53—Italian
    *Downs* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Newman*

  39. Miguel de Cervantes

  40. El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha_36
    Don Quixote
    originally published in two volumes, 1605 and 1615; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Edith Grossman's English translation—Spanish

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Powys* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  41. Geoffrey Chaucer

  42. Canterbury Tales_30
    1478; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Nevill Coghill's modern English version—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  43. Dante

  44. La Divina Commedia_33
    The Divine Comedy
    originally entitled La Commedia; written ca. 1308-21—Italian

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *France* *Downs* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic*

  45. Niccolò Machiavelli

  46. Il Principe_28
    The Prince
    1532—Italian

    *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Deposit* *Educated*

  47. Thomas Malory

  48. Le Morte d'Arthur_13
    1485; revised through sixth edition, 1634—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Telegraph* *Great* *Newman* *Graphic*

    --
  49. Quran_11

  50. Koran
    Seventh Century—Arabic

    *Downs* *Ward* *Oriental* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *World*

  51. Michel de Montaigne

  52. Les Essais_26
    Essays
    originally published in three volumes: 1580, 1588, and 1595—French

    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *GlobeMail* *World* *Newman* *Educated*

  53. Thomas More

  54. Libellus Uere Aureus, nec Minus Salutaris Quam Festivus, de Optimo rei Publicae Statu Deque Nova Insula Utopia_14
    Utopia
    1516—Latin

    *Eliot* *Classics* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *Educated*

  55. Omar Khayyam

  56. The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam_8
    ca. Eleventh-Twelfth centuries; compiled by Edward FitzGerald in five editions, 1859, 1868, 1872, 1879, and 1889—Persian
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Oriental* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great*

  57. François Rabelais

  58. La Vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel_22
    originally published in five volumes: Les Horribles et Épouvantables Faits et Prouesses du Très Renommé Pantagruel Roi des Dipsodes, Fils du Grand Géant Gargantua, 1532; La Vie Très Horrifique du Grand Gargantua, Père de Pantagruel, 1534; Le Tiers Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1546; Le Quart Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1552; Le Cinquiesme et Dernier Livre des Faicts et Dicts Héroïques du Bon Pantagruel, 1564; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Thomas Urquhart and Peter Motteux's English translation—French
    *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Hundred* *France* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Great* *Smart* *Newman*

    • William Shakespeare

    Plays_4
    late Sixteenth-early Seventeenth centuries—English
    *Durant* *France* *Good* *Bloom*

  59. James Boswell

  60. The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D._21
    1791—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman*

  61. John Bunyan

  62. The Pilgrim's Progress From This World to That Which Is to Come_18
    1678—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Invitation* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

    • Robert Burns

    Poems_7
    late Eighteenth Century—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Rexroth* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Newman*

  63. Daniel Defoe

  64. The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner_21
    originally anonymously published 1719—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Dirda* *Great* *Zane* *Deposit* *Newman*

  65. René Descartes

  66. Discours de la Méthode Pour Bien Conduire sa Raison, et Chercher la Vérité dans les Sciences_17
    Discourse on the Method
    1637—French

    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *World*

    • John Donne

    Poems_8
    early Seventeenth Century—English
    *List* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Trinity* *Newman* *Educated*

  67. Henry Fielding

  68. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling_19
    1749—English
    *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Newman*

  69. Edward Gibbon

  70. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire_23
    originally published in six volumes: first, 1776; second-third, 1781; fourth-sixth, 1788—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Invitation* *Hundred* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Telegraph* *World* *Educated*

    • Alexander Hamilton; John Jay; James Madison

    The Federalist Papers_11
    originally published 1787-1788 in the Independent Journal, the New-York Packet, and the Daily Advertiser—English
    *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Great*

  71. Immanuel Kant

  72. Kritik der Reinen Vernunft_12
    Critique of Pure Reason
    1781; revised 1787—German

    *Classics* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *GlobeMail* *World*

  73. John Locke

  74. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding_9
    1689—English
    *Classics* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Reynolds*

  75. Thomas Robert Malthus

  76. An Essay on the Principle of Population_6
    originally anonymously published 1798; revised and published under the author's name, 1803—English
    *Invitation* *Hundred* *Downs* *Good* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith*

  77. John Milton

  78. Paradise Lost_25
    1667; revised 1674—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Powys* *Invitation* *Classics* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *O'Hear* *Zane* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • Molière

    "Comedies"_2
    Seventeenth Century—French
    *Read* *Good*

  79. Thomas Paine

  80. The Rights of Man: Being an Answer to Mr. Burke's Attack on the French Revolution_7
    originally published in two volumes, 1791 and 1792—English
    *Invitation* *Hundred* *Ward* *Good* *Recommended* *Great* *Telegraph*

  81. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  82. Du Contrat Social ou Principes du Droit Politique_17
    The Social Contract
    1762—French

    *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Adler* *Good* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Dirda* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Educated*

  83. Adam Smith

  84. An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations_14
    1776; revised through third edition, 1784—English
    *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Downs* *Read* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor*

  85. Baruch Spinoza

  86. Ethica, Ordine Geometrico Demonstrata_15
    Ethics
    1677—Latin

    *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Recommended* *SeymourSmith* *Dirda* *Deposit*

  87. Laurence Sterne

  88. The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman_14
    originally published in nine volumes, 1759-67—English
    *Powys* *Durant* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Zane* *Smart* *Newman*

  89. Jonathan Swift

  90. Travels Into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and Then a Captain of Several Ships_29
    Gulliver's Travels
    1726; revised 1735—English

    *Lubbock* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Foundation* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  91. Voltaire

  92. Candide, ou L'Optimisme_22
    1759; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Tobias Smollett's English translation—French
    *Powys* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic*

  93. Jane Austen

  94. Pride and Prejudice_30
    originally anonymously published 1813—English
    *Eliot* *Powys* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Reynolds* *World* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  95. Honoré de Balzac

  96. Eugénie Grandet_7
    1833—French
    *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Newman*

    • Robert Browning

    Poems_3
    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom*

    • Lord Byron

    Poems_5
    early Nineteenth Century—English
    *Durant* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Great*

    • Anton Chekhov

    Plays_3
    late Nineteenth-early Twentieth centuries—Russian
    *Rexroth* *Good* *Dirda*

  97. Charles Darwin

  98. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life_23
    1859—English
    *Lubbock* *Eliot* *Classics* *Hundred* *Downs* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *SeymourSmith* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Reynolds* *Deposit* *Graphic* *Educated*

  99. Charles Dickens

  100. The Personal History, Adventures, Experience and Observation of David Copperfield the Younger of Blunderstone Rookery (Which He Never Meant to Publish on Any Account)_15
    originally published serially May 1849-Nov. 1850—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Classics* *Magill* *Read* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Guardian* *Zane* *Telegraph* *Newman*

    • Emily Dickinson

    Poems_6
    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Zane* *Newman* *Educated*

  101. Fyodor Dostoevsky

  102. Brat'â Karamazovy_23
    The Brothers Karamazov
    originally published serially 1880 in Rússkij Véstnik—Russian

    *Powys* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Norway* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Reynolds* *World* *Newman*

  103. George Eliot

  104. Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life _22
    originally published serially Dec. 1871-Dec. 1872—English
    *Baldwin* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Harvard* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • Ralph Waldo Emerson

    Essays_8
    Nineteenth Century—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Durant* *Hundred* *Read* *Magill* *Good* *Newman*

  105. Gustave Flaubert

  106. Madame Bovary_29
    originally published serially Oct. 1856-Dec. 1856 in La Revue de Paris; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Frances Steegmuller's English translation—French
    *Classics* *Durant* *Hundred* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Kanigel* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  107. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

  108. Faust_26
    originally published in two volumes: first, Faust. Der Tragödie Erster Teil, published in part, 1790; in its entirey, 1808; revised 1829; second, Faust. Der Tragödie Zweiter Teil, 1832—German
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Powys* *Durant* *Invitation* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *O'Hear* *GlobeMail* *World* *Newman*

  109. Thomas Hardy

  110. Tess of the d'Urbervilles: A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented_13
    published in part serially Jul.-Dec. 1891 in the Graphic—English
    *Powys* *Hundred* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Campbell* *Guardian* *Zane* *Telegraph* *Deposit* *Newman*

  111. Nathaniel Hawthorne

  112. The Scarlet Letter_21
    1850—English
    *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  113. Victor Hugo

  114. Les Misérables_18
    1862—French
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Trinity* *Guardian* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit*

    • Henrik Ibsen

    Plays_4
    Fadiman recommends several overlapping collections; late Nineteenth Century—Norwegian
    *Powys* *Read* *Good* *Fadiman*

    • John Keats

    Poems_7
    early Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Hundred* *Good* *Bloom* *Great* *Educated*

  115. Karl Marx

  116. Das Kapital, Kritik der Politischen Ökonomie_12
    originally published in three volumes 1867, 1885, and 1894—German
    *Hundred* *France* *Downs* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *World*

  117. Herman Melville

  118. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale_26
    1851—English
    *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Guardian* *Zane* *Great* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic* *Deposit* *Educated*

  119. Friedrich Nietzsche

  120. Der Wille zur Mach_3
    The Will to Power
    1901; revised 1906—German

    *Read* *Good* *Bloom*

    • Edgar Allan Poe

    Stories_6
    Newman specifies "Gothic stories" and "Auguste Dupin stories"; Nineteenth Century—English
    *Durant* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Good* *Learning* *Newman*

    • Percy Bysshe Shelley

    Poems_6
    early Nineteenth Century—English
    *Baldwin* *Durant* *Good* *Bloom* *Great* *Newman*

  121. Stendhal

  122. Le Rouge et le Noir, Chronique du XIXe Siècle_18
    The Red and the Black
    1830—French

    *Powys* *Classics* *France* *Rexroth* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Newman* *Deposit*

  123. William Makepeace Thackeray

  124. Vanity Fair: A Novel Without a Hero_18
    originally published serially Jan. 1847-Jul. 1848—English
    *Lubbock* *Baldwin* *Eliot* *Durant* *Classics* *Zulli* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Smart* *Telegraph* *Newman*

  125. Henry David Thoreau

  126. Walden; or, Life in the Woods_20
    1854—English
    *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Campbell* *Great* *Smart* *Deposit* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  127. Leo Tolstoy

  128. Voyna i Mir"_24
    War and Peace
    originally entitled 1805, published in part, 1865 and 1867; retitled and published in its entirety, 1869—Russian

    *Invitation* *Hundred* *France* *Rexroth* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Trinity* *Norway* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *World* *Newman*

  129. Mark Twain

  130. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn_23
    1884—English
    *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Zulli* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Learning* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

  131. Walt Whitman

  132. Leaves of Grass_20
    1855; expanded and revised through ninth edition, 1892—English
    *Powys* *Durant* *Classics* *Hundred* *Rexroth* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *World* *Newman* *Graphic* *Educated*

    • William Wordsworth

    Poems_8
    late Eighteenth-early Nineteenth centuries—English
    *Baldwin* *Read* *Van Doren* *Good* *Bloom* *Great* *Newman* *Educated*

  133. Émile Zola

  134. Germinal_10
    originally published serially Apr. 1884-Jan. 1885 in Gil Blas—French
    *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Dirda* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *Newman*

  135. Simone Beauvoir

  136. Le Deuxième Sexe_7
    The Second Sex
    published in part serially in Les Temps Modernes; in its entirety in two volumes, 1949—French

    *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *SeymourSmith* *Utne* *Great* *Taylor*

    • Jorge Luis Borges

    Labyrinths_6
    English translations of stories mostly originally published in Ficciones and El Aleph—Spanish
    *Good* *Bloom* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Great* *Zane*

  137. Albert Einstein

  138. The Meaning of Relativity: Four Lectures Delivered at Princeton University_3
    1921; expanded, 1945—English
    *Read* *Good* *Fadiman*

    T S Eliot
    • Poems_3

    Twentieth Century—English
    *Van Doren* *Good* *Educated*

    • Plays_1

    Twentieth Century—English
    *Good*

  139. Ralph Ellison

  140. Invisible Man_12
    1952—English
    *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Utne* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Educated*

  141. William Faulkner

  142. The Sound and the Fury_13
    1929—English
    *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Campbell* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic*

  143. James George Frazer

  144. The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion_6
    originally entitled The Golden Bough: A Study in Comparative Religion, published in two volumes, 1890; expanded and retitled 1900, in three volumes; expanded 1906-15, in 12 volumes; supplemental volume added for 1937 edition; distinct abridged versions, 1922, 1959, and 1994; Durant and the Jasper Lee Company ("Hundred") list the 1922 abridged edition, while Good Reading lists the 1959—English
    *Durant* *Hundred* *Downs* *List* *Good* *Dirda*

  145. Sigmund Freud

  146. Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse_4
    Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis
    1917—German

    *Classics* *Read* *Adler* *Good*

    • Robert Frost

    Poems_4
    Twentieth Century—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Educated*

  147. Gabriel García Márquez

  148. Cien Anõs de Soledad_18
    One Hundred Years of Solitude
    1967; Mallison ("Smart") specifies Gregory Rabassa's English translation—Spanish

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  149. Ernest Hemingway

  150. The Sun Also Rises_7
    1926—English
    *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Campbell* *Zane* *Deposit* *Newman*

  151. Henry James

  152. The Ambassadors_11
    originally published serially 1903 in the North American Review—English
    *Powys* *Classics* *Read* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Zane* *Newman*

  153. James Joyce

  154. Ulysses_20
    published in part serially Mar. 1918-Dec. 1920 in the Little Review; in its entirety, 1922—English
    *Classics* *France* *Read* *Ward* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Great* *Guardian* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Smart* *Taylor* *Telegraph* *Newman* *Graphic*

  155. D H Lawrence

  156. Women in Love_5
    1920—English
    *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Newman*

  157. Thomas Mann

  158. Der Zauberberg_12
    The Magic Mountain
    1924; Mallison ("Smart") specifies John E Woods's English translation—German

    *Read* *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Norway* *Great* *Zane* *Smart*

    • Eugene O'Neill

    Plays_1
    Twentieth Century—English
    *Good*

  159. Marcel Proust

  160. À la Recherche du Temps Perdu_17
    In Search of Lost Time; In Remembrance of Things Past
    originally published in seven volumes, two of which originally published as two books each, 1913-27—French

    *Classics* *France* *Read* *List* *Ward* *Magill* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Trinity* *Utne* *Norway* *Zane* *GlobeMail* *Telegraph* *Newman*

    • George Bernard Shaw

    Plays_1
    late Nineteenth-early Twentieth centuries—English>
    *Good*

  161. Virginia Woolf

  162. To the Lighthouse_12
    1927 —English
    *Magill* *Adler* *Good* *Bloom* *Recommended* *Fadiman* *Norway* *Zane* *Smart* *Harvard* *Newman* *Graphic*

    • William Butler Yeats

    Poems_5
    late Nineteenth-early Twentieth centuries—English
    *Van Doren* *Magill* *Good* *Newman* *Educated*