Greater Books

In 1886, during a routine college lecture on the "pleasure of reading," the British scientist, politician, and man of letters John Lubbock expressed a desire for a "list of a hundred good books"; in the absence of such, he offered his own selection. Over the next several decades, fellow scholars and writers, complementing or countering Lubbock's suggestions, offered their own lists, generally called One Hundred Best Books. Lubbock's and several other of these lists were motivated in part by the large number of books available—then still a novel development of modern times. In other cases, extensive series of books and massive anthologies, most famously Charles Eliot's Harvard Classics, were developed in the interest of adult education and "self-culture."

By the 1950's, the literary works included on such lists were called Great Books. They often took the form of class syllabi, their purpose shifting from Lubbock's recreational emphasis to formal education and canonization. The men who crafted Great Books programs, most prominently John Erskine, Mortimer Adler, Scott Buchanan, and Robert Hutchins, promoted the idea that the reading of classics was a task meant for all students, at all levels, even if the works were translated from their original language. At several colleges, the curricula of undergraduate programs came to be based upon the reading of these Great Books.

Despite persistent critiques and revisions of what literature is included in such curricula, and the decline of Great Books programs (or perhaps precisely because of that) by the Twenty-First Century, canons, reading plans, and other lists of Classics—of all forms and languages, and from the entirety of recorded history—are more plentiful than ever. Indeed, too plentiful. This site collects the major lists and collates them to form a master list arranged by author and including original titles as well as alternate and translated titles. The user can also view the original lists and eventually will be able to make shorter lists defined by form, date, language, and other search parameters (including the omitting or combining of certain lists). Hopefully, even those who disparage the Great Books movement or the making of book lists generally will find this site useful, enabling them to show what kind of literature has been excluded. In other words, if there are Great Books, there are also Greater Books.

To begin, we list on this page the works that appear in the largest number of lists, the given title being the commonest in the English language. Throughout the site, the number in blue next to the title tells you how many lists in which the work is included out of 47 total. View the master list, which provides basic information about each work and notes which lists that work appears in; or go to any of the distinct lists. But first read a short explanation of the guidelines used to determine the inclusion of these lists, any of which can be quite different in its original purpose from the others, and our frequently-asked questions. I've also provided some pertinent links.

And so, here we have the Greater Books, split into three groups based on the (current) number of lists in which they appear, followed by the non-monographical works that appear in the most list:
    A Primary Canon of Sorts
  1. Miguel de Cervantes
    Don Quixote_36
  2. Homer
    The Odyssey_36
  3. Homer
    The Iliad_33
  4. Dante
    The Divine Commedy_33
  5. Geoffrey Chaucer
    The Canterbury Tales_30
  6. Jane Austen
    Pride and Prejudice_30
  7. Jonathan Swift
    Gulliver's Travels_29
  8. Gustave Flaubert
    Madame Bovary_29
  9. Niccolò Machiavelli
    The Prince_28
  10. William Shakespeare
  11. Virgil
    The Aeneid_26
  12. Michel de Montaigne
  13. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  14. Herman Melville
  15. Sophocles
    Oedipus the King_25
  16. Herodotus
  17. John Milton
    Paradise Lost_25
  18. Plato
    The Republic_24
  19. Leo Tolstoy
    War and Peace_24
  20. Thucydides
    The Peloponnesian War_23
  21. Augustine of Hippo
  22. Edward Gibbon
    The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire_23
  23. Fyodor Dostoevsky
    The Brothers Karamozov_23
  24. Charles Darwin
    The Origin of Species_23
  25. Mark Twain
    Huckleberry Finn_23
  26. Sophocles
  27. François Rabelais
    Gargantua and Pantagruel_22
  28. Voltaire
  29. George Eliot
    Middlemarch _22
  30. Fyodor Dostoevsky
    Crime and Punishment_22
  31. William Shakespeare
    King Lear_21
  32. Daniel Defoe
    Robinson Crusoe_21
  33. James Boswell
    The Life of Samuel Johnson_21
  34. Nathaniel Hawthorne
    The Scarlet Letter_21
  35. James Joyce
  36. William Shakespeare
    The Tempest_20
  37. Sophocles
    Oedipus at Colonus_20
  38. Blaise Pascal
  39. Henry David Thoreau
  40. Walt Whitman
    Leaves of Grass_20
  41. Aeschylus
  42. Lucretius
    On the Nature of Things_19
  43. Henry Fielding
    Tom Jones_19
  44. Leo Tolstoy
    Anna Karenina_15
  45. The Bible_18
  46. Plutarch
    Parallel Lives_18
  47. John Bunyan
    The Pilgrim's Progress_18
  48. Victor Hugo
    Les Misérables_18
  49. Stendhal
    The Red and the Black_18
  50. William Makepeace Thackeray
    Vanity Fair_18
  51. Gabriel García Márquez
    One Hundred Years of Solitude_18
  52. Euripides
    Medea _17
  53. Marcus Aurelius
  54. The Arabian Nights_17
  55. René Descartes
    Discourse on the Method_17
  56. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    The Social Contract_17
  57. Emily Brontë
    Wuthering Heights_17
  58. Lewis Carroll
    Alice's Adventures in Wonderland_17
  59. Marcel Proust
    In Remembrance of Things Past_17
  60. F Scott Fitzgerald
    The Great Gatsby_17
  61. George Orwell
    Nineteen Eighty-Four_17
  62. Plato
    The Apology_16
  63. Aristotle
    Nicomachean Ethics_16
  64. William Shakespeare
  65. Thomas Hobbes
  66. Charlotte Brontë
    Jane Eyre_16
  67. John Stuart Mill
    On Liberty_16
  68. Joseph Conrad
    Heart of Darkness_16
  69. Franz Kafka
    The Trial_16
  70. Aristotle
  71. Charles Dickens
    David Copperfield_15
  72. Charles Dickens
    Great Expectations_15
  73. Sigmund Freud
    The Interpretation of Dreams_15
  74. Friedrich Nietzsche
    Thus Spake Zarathustra_15
  75. Baruch Spinoza
  76. Charles Dickens
    The Pickwick Papers _14
  77. Euripides
    The Bacchae _14
  78. James Joyce
    A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man_14
  79. Franz Kafka
    The Metamorphosis_14
  80. Ovid
  81. Plato
  82. Thomas More
  83. William Shakespeare
    A Midsummer's Night Dream_14
  84. William Shakespeare
  85. Molière
  86. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  87. Laurence Sterne
    Tristram Shandy_14
  88. Honoré de Balzac
    Father Goriot_14
  89. Henrik Ibsen
    A Doll's House_14
  90. Henry James
    The Portrait of a Lady_14
  91. Albert Camus
    The Stranger_14
  92. Vyasa
  93. Plato
  94. Aristophanes
  95. Aristophanes
    The Birds_13
  96. Beowulf_13
  97. Thomas Malory
    Le Morte d'Arthur _13
  98. William Shakespeare
    Antony and Cleopatra_13
  99. William Shakespeare
    The First Part of Henry IV_13
  100. Adam Smith
    The Wealth of Nations_13
  101. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
    The Communist Manifesto_13
  102. Thomas Hardy
    Tess of the d'Urbervilles_13
  103. William Faulkner
    The Sound and the Fury_13
  104. Aeschylus
    Prometheus Bound_12
  105. Thomas Aquinas
    Summa Theologiae_12
  106. Francis Bacon
  107. Giovanni Boccaccio
    The Decameron_12
  108. Confucius
  109. Immanuel Kant
    Critique of Pure Reason_12
  110. Thomas Mann
    The Magic Mountain_12
  111. Karl Marx
  112. John Milton
  113. Molière
    The Misanthrope_12
  114. Murasaki Shikibu
    The Tale of Genji_12
  115. William Shakespeare
    As You Like It_12
  116. William Shakespeare
    The Second Part of Henry IV_12
  117. William Shakespeare
    Romeo and Juliet_12
  118. Alexis de Tocqueville
    Democracy in America_12
  119. Stendhal
    The Charterhouse of Parma_12
  120. Virginia Woolf
    To the Lighthouse_12
  121. Ralph Ellison
    Invisible Man_12
  122. Samuel Beckett
    Waiting for Godot_12
  123. Lăozĭ
    Tao te Ching_11
  124. The Epic of Gilgamesh_11
  125. Horace
  126. Aristophanes
    The Clouds_11
  127. Euripides
    Hippolytos _11
  128. The Quran_11
  129. Jean Racine
  130. William Shakespeare
    The Merchant of Venice_11
  131. William Shakespeare
    Richard III_11
  132. William Blake
    Songs of Innocence and Experience_11
  133. Jane Austen
  134. Ivan Turgenev
    Fathers and Children_11
  135. Nikolai Gogol
    Dead Souls_11
  136. Fyodor Dostoevsky
  137. Henry Adams
    The Education of Henry Adams_11
  138. Virginia Woolf
    Mrs. Dalloway_11
  139. John Steinbeck
    The Grapes of Wrath_11
  140. Vladimir Nabokov

  141. Of Secondary Canonicity
  142. Lewis Carroll
    Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There_10
  143. Anton Chekhov
    Uncle Vanya_10
  144. T S Eliot
    Four Quartets _10
  145. Desiderius Erasmus
    In Praise of Folly_10
  146. Joseph Heller
  147. David Hume
    An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding_10
  148. Henrik Ibsen
    Hedda Gabler_10
  149. Henry James
    The Ambassadors_10
  150. James Joyce
  151. Franz Kafka
    The Castle_10
  152. Francis Bacon
    Novum Organum_10
  153. Plato
  154. Christopher Marlowe
    Doctor Faustus _10
  155. William Shakespeare
    Much Ado About Nothing_10
  156. William Shakespeare
    Twelfth Night; or, What You Will_10
  157. William Shakespeare
    Measure for Measure_10
  158. Mary Shelley
  159. Tacitus
  160. Valmiki
  161. Aristotle
  162. Émile Zola
  163. Chinua Achebe
    Things Fall Apart_9
  164. Aristophanes
    The Frogs_9
  165. Edmund Burke
    Reflections on the Revolution in France_9
  166. Fyodor Dostoevsky
  167. Epictetus
  168. Aldous Huxley
    Brave New World_9
  169. Henry James
    The Turn of the Screw_9
  170. D H Lawrence
    Sons and Lovers_9
  171. John Locke
    An Essay Concerning Human Understanding_9
  172. Herman Melville
    Billy Budd_9
  173. Isaac Newton
    Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy_9
  174. William Shakespeare
    Julius Caesar_9
  175. William Shakespeare
    Henry V_9
  176. William Shakespeare
    Richard II_9
  177. William Shakespeare
    The Taming of the Shrew_9
  178. William Shakespeare
    The Winter's Tale_9
  179. William Wordsworth
    The Prelude_9
  180. Augustine of Hippo
    The City of God_9
  181. Stephen Crane
    The Red Badge of Courage_9
  182. Charles Dickens
    Oliver Twist _9
  183. The Song of Roland_9
  184. Lord Byron
    Don Juan_8
  185. Pedro Calderón de la Barca
    Life Is a Dream_8
  186. Albert Camus
    The Plague_8
  187. Anton Chekhov
    Three Sisters_8
  188. William Faulkner
    As I Lay Dying _8
  189. Gustave Flaubert
    Sentimental Education_8
  190. Henrik Ibsen
    The Wild Duck_8
  191. William James
  192. Ben Jonson
    The Alchemist
  193. Omar Khayyám
    The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam_8
  194. Thomas Mann
    Death in Venice_8
  195. Molière
    The Miser_8
  196. Montesquieu
    The Spirit of Laws_8
  197. Thomas Hardy
    The Return of the Native_8
  198. Toni Morrison
  199. Vladimir Nabokov
    Pale Fire_8
  200. Oscar Wilde
    The Importance of Being Earnest_8
  201. Friedrich Nietzsche
    Beyond Good and Evil_8
  202. Richard Wright
    Native Son_8
  203. Anton Chekhov
    The Cherry Orchard_8
  204. George Orwell
    Animal Farm_8
  205. George Bernard Shaw
    Saint Joan_8
  206. Galileo
    Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems_8
  207. Edmund Spenser
    The Faerie Queene_8
  208. John Milton
    Paradise Regained_8
  209. Charles Dickens
    A Tale of Two Cities_8
  210. William Shakespeare
    All's Well That Ends Well_8
  211. William Shakespeare
  212. William Shakespeare
  213. Rachel Carson
    Silent Spring_8
  214. Eugene O'Neill
    Long Day's Journey Into Night_8
  215. Mary Wollstonecraft
    A Vindication of the Rights of Woman_8
  216. Honoré de Balzac
    Cousin Bette_7
  217. Honoré de Balzac
    Eugénie Grandet_7
  218. Charles Baudelaire
    The Flowers of Evil_7
  219. Simone Beauvoir
    The Second Sex_7
  220. George Berkeley
    The Principles of Human Knowledge_7
  221. John Calvin
    Institutes of the Christian Religion_7
  222. Cáo Xuěqín
    Dream of the Red Chamber_7
  223. Geoffrey Chaucer
    Troilus and Criseyde_7
  224. Anton Chekhov
    The Seagull_7
  225. Daniel Defoe
    Moll Flanders_7
  226. Charles Dickens
    Bleak House_7
  227. Charles Dickens
    Hard Times_7
  228. Denis Diderot
    Rameau's Nephew_7
  229. George Eliot
    Adam Bede _7
  230. T S Eliot
    Ash Wednesday_7
  231. Euripides
  232. Euripides
    The Trojan Woman _7
  233. William Faulkner
    Absalom, Absalom!_7
  234. Ferdowsi
  235. E M Forster
    A Passage to India_7
  236. Sigmund Freud
    Civilization and Its Discontents_7
  237. Thomas Hardy
    Jude the Obscure_7
  238. Ernest Hemingway
    The Old Man and the Sea_7
  239. Ernest Hemingway
    For Whom the Bell Tolls_7
  240. Victor Hugo
    The Hunchback of Notre Dame_7
  241. Zora Neale Hurston
    Their Eyes Were Watching God_7
  242. Samuel Johnson
  243. Ben Jonson
  244. Christopher Marlowe
    Tamburlaine the Great _7
  245. John Stuart Mill
  246. Molière
    Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme_7
  247. Thomas Paine
    The Rights of Man_7
  248. Alexander Pope
    The Rape of the Lock_7
  249. Ezra Pound
  250. Alexander Pushkin
    Eugene Onegin_7
  251. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    Discourse on Inequality_7
  252. Salman Rushdie
    Midnight's Children_7
  253. J D Salinger
    Catcher in the Rye_7
  254. Jean-Paul Sartre
  255. William Shakespeare
    The Comedy of Errors_7
  256. William Shakespeare
    Timon of Athens_7
  257. William Shakespeare
    Troilus and Cressida_7
  258. William Shakespeare
    The Two Gentlemen of Verona_7
  259. Benvenuto Cellini
  260. Benjamin Franklin
    Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin_7
  261. George Bernard Shaw
    Man and Superman_7
  262. George Bernard Shaw
  263. Nathaniel Hawthorne
    The House of Seven Gables_7
  264. Robert Louis Stevenson
    Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde_7
  265. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
    The Sorrows of Young Werther_7
  266. Mark Twain
    The Adventures of Tom Sawyer_7
  267. William Butler Yeats
    Words for Music Perhaps_7
  268. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight_7

  269. Becoming Canonical?
  270. Louisa M Alcott
    Little Women_6
  271. Apuleius
    The Golden Ass_6
  272. Francis Bacon
    The Advancement of Learning_6
  273. Jorge Luis Borges
  274. Mikhail Bulgakov
    The Master and Margarita_6
  275. Willa Cather
    My Ántonia_6
  276. Cicero
    On Old Age_6
  277. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    Biographia Literaria_6
  278. Joseph Conrad
    Lord Jim_6
  279. Nicolas Copernicus
    On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres_6
  280. Pierre Corneille
    Le Cid_6
  281. Dante
    The New Life_6
  282. René Descartes
    Meditations on First Philosophy_6
  283. Charles Dickens
    A Christmas Carol_6
  284. Charles Dickens
    Our Mutual Friend_6
  285. Fyodor Dostoevsky
    Notes From Underground_6
  286. Arthur Conan Doyle
    A Study in Scarlet_6
  287. George Eliot
    Silas Marner _6
  288. Euclid
  289. Euripides
  290. F Scott Fitzgerald
    Tender Is the Night_6
  291. Jean de la Fontaine
  292. James George Frazer
    The Golden Bough_6
  293. William Golding
    Lord of the Flies_6
  294. Oliver Goldsmith
    The Vicar of Wakefield_6
  295. Günter Grass
    The Tin Drum_6
  296. Thomas Hardy
    The Mayor of Casterbridge_6
  297. George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
    The Philosophy of History_6
  298. Ernest Hemingway
    A Farewell to Arms_6
  299. Ernest Hemingway
    The Sun Also Rises_6
  300. Horace
  301. Horace
  302. Henrik Ibsen
    Peer Gynt_6
  303. Henry James
    The Golden Bowl_6
  304. William James
    The Varieties of Religious Experience _6
  305. Samuel Johnson
    A Dictionary of the English Language_6
  306. Samuel Johnson
    The Lives of the English Poets_6
  307. Kalidasa
    The Recognition of Sakuntala_6
  308. Rudyard Kipling
  309. Choderlos de Laclos
    The Dangerous Liaisons_6
  310. Livy
    History of Rome_6
  311. Lucian
    True History_6
  312. Thomas Robert Malthus
    An Essay on the Principle of Population_6
  313. Molière
    Don Juan_6
  314. Molière
    The Imaginary Invalid_6
  315. Molière
    The School for Wives_6
  316. Blaise Pascal
    The Provincial Letters_6
  317. Plato
  318. Plotinus
  319. Jean Racine
  320. Arthur Rimbaud
    A Season in Hill_6
  321. William Shakespeare
    The Merry Wives of Windsor_6
  322. William Shakespeare
    Love's Labour Lost_6
  323. William Shakespeare
  324. Bram Stoker
  325. Jonathan Swift
    A Modest Proposal_6
  326. Tacitus
  327. J R R Tolkien
    The Lord of the Rings_6
  328. Giambattista Vico
    The New Science_6
  329. Voltaire
  330. William Congreve
    The Way of the World_6
  331. Wú Chéng-ēn
  332. Harriet Beecher Stowe
    Uncle Tom's Cabin_6
  333. Edith Wharton
    The Age of Innocence_6
  334. William Butler Yeats
    The Wind Among the Reeds_6
  335. William Butler Yeats
    The Shadowy Waters_6
  336. William Butler Yeats
    Michael Robartes and the Dancer_6
  337. William Butler Yeats
    The Tower_6
  338. William Butler Yeats
    The Winding Stair_6
  339. William Butler Yeats
    New Poems [1938]_6
  340. Richard Brinsley Sheridan
    School for Scandal_6
  341. Émile Zola
  342. Arthur Miller
    Death of a Salesman_6
  343. Jean-Paul Sartre
    No Exit_6
  344. Henry Fielding
    Joseph Andrews_6
  345. Nibelungenlied_6
  346. Pierre Abélard
    Historia Calamitatum_5
  347. Henry Adams
    Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres_5
  348. Sherwood Anderson
    Winesburg, Ohio_5
  349. Ludovico Ariosto
    Orlando Furioso_5
  350. Aristophanes
    The Acharnians_5
  351. Aristophanes
    The Knights_5
  352. Aristophanes
  353. Aristophanes
  354. Albert Einstein
  355. Margaret Atwood
    The Handmaid's Tale_5
  356. Jane Austen
  357. Francis Bacon
    Nova Atlantis_5
  358. William Blake
    The Marriage of Heaven and Hell_5
  359. William Blake
    Jerusalem: The Emanation of the Giant Albion_5
  360. Boethius
    Consolatio Philosophiae_5
  361. James Boswell
    London Journal_5
  362. Thomas Browne
    Religio Medici_5
  363. Lord Byron
    Childe Harold's Pilgrimage_5
  364. Catullus
  365. Kate Chopin
    The Awakening_5
  366. Cicero
    On Friendship_5
  367. Joseph Conrad
  368. Pierre Corneille
  369. Daniel Defoe
    A Journal of the Plague Year_5
  370. Charles Dickens
    Nicholas Nickleby _5
  371. Charles Dickens
    Little Dorrit_5
  372. Ralph Waldo Emerson
    The American Scholar_5
  373. Euripides
    Ion _5
  374. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
    Poetry and Truth_5
  375. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
    Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship_5
  376. Robert Graves
    I, Claudius_5
  377. Knut Hamsun
  378. Thomas Hardy
    Far From the Madding Crowd_5
  379. William Harvey
    On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals_5
  380. George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
    Elements of the Philosophy of Right_5
  381. Hesiod
    Works and Days_5
  382. Horace
    Ars Poetica_5
  383. Henrik Ibsen
    An Enemy of the People_5
  384. William James
    The Principles of Psychology_5
  385. Ben Jonson
    Bartholomew Fayre_5
  386. James Joyce
    Finnegans Wake_5
  387. Franz Kafka
    In the Penal Colony_5
  388. Jack Kerouac
    On the Road_5
  389. Ken Kesey
    One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest_5
  390. Thomas S Kuhn
    The Structure of Scientific Revolutions_5
  391. Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa
    The Leopard_5
  392. D H Lawrence
    Women in Love_5
  393. Harper Lee
    To Kill a Mockingbird_5
  394. Sinclair Lewis
  395. Martin Luther
    On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church_5
  396. Martin Luther
    To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation_5
  397. Thomas Mann
  398. André Malraux
    Man's Fate_5
  399. Christopher Marlowe
    The Jew of Malta _5
  400. Daphne du Maurier
  401. Mencius
  402. John Stuart Mill
  403. Molière
    The Doctor in Spite of Himself_6
  404. Friedrich Nietzsche
    The Genealogy of Morals_5
  405. Boris Pasternak
    Doctor Zhivago_5
  406. Petronius
  407. Sylvia Plath
    The Bell Jar_5
  408. Plato
  409. Alexander Pope
    Essay on Man_5
  410. Alexander Pushkin
    The Captain's Daughter_5
  411. Erich Maria Remarque
    All Quiet on the Western Front_5
  412. Samuel Richardson
  413. Thornton Wilder
    Our Town_5
  414. Rainer Maria Rilke
    Duino Elegies_5
  415. Arthur Rimbaud
  416. Tennessee Williams
    A Streetcar Name Desire_5
  417. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  418. Robert Musil
    The Man Without Qualities_5
  419. Jean-Paul Sartre
    Being and Nothingness_5
  420. William Shakespeare
    The First Part of Henry VI_5
  421. William Shakespeare
    The Second Part of Henry VI_5
  422. William Shakespeare
    The Third Part of Henry VI_5
  423. William Shakespeare
    Titus Andronicus_5
  424. William Shakespeare
    Henry VIII_5
  425. Shī Nài'ān
    The Water Margin_5
  426. Sophocles
  427. Sophocles
  428. Upton Sinclair
    The Jungle_5
  429. Laurence Sterne
    A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy_5
  430. August Strindberg
    Miss Julie_5
  431. Suetonius
    The Lives of the Twelve Caesars_5
  432. John Millington Synge
    The Playboy of the Western World_5
  433. Cornelius Tacitus
  434. William Makepeace Thackeray
    Henry Esmond_5
  435. Leo Tolstoy
    The Death of Ivan Ilyich_5
  436. Giorgio Vasari
    The Lives of the Artists_5
  437. Jules Verne
    Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea_5
  438. François Villon
    The Grand Testament_5
  439. Voltaire
    Letters Concerning the English Nation_5
  440. Robert Penn Warren
    All the King's Men_5
  441. Edith Wharton
    Ethan Frome_5
  442. Oscar Wilde
    The Picture of Dorian Grey_5
  443. Virginia Woolf
    The Waves_5
  444. Zhuāngzī
  445. Oliver Goldsmith
    She Stoops to Conquer_5
  446. Edith Wharton
    The House of Mirth_5
  447. Walter Scott
  448. Frederick Douglass
    Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass_5
  449. Italo Calvino
    If on a Winter's Night a Traveler_5
  450. Samuel Butler
    The Way of All Flesh_5
  451. Aristotle
  452. Émile Zola
  453. Njáls Saga_5

The poems, stories, and essays not originally, and generally not ever, published as monographs (and most collections of such works); excerpts of monographical works; works consisting of distinct parts by two or more authors; and broad or unspecified selections of texts included in the largest number of the 47 lists:

  1. Alexander Hamilton; John Jay; James Madison
    The Federalist Papers_11
  2. T S Eliot
    'The Waste Land'_11
  3. Plato
  4. Ralph Waldo Emerson
  5. Vyasa
    Bhagavad Gita_8
  6. The Book of Job_8
  7. John Donne
  8. John Locke
    Second Treatise_8
  9. William Wordsworth
  10. Robert Burns
  11. Denis Diderot et al.
  12. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    'The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere'_7
  13. William Wordsworth; Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    Lyrical Ballads_7
  14. Dante
  15. John Milton
  16. John Keats
  17. Emily Dickinson
  18. Edgar Allan Poe
  19. Henry Dead Thoreau
    'Civil Disobedience'_6
  20. Anton Chekhov
  21. Arthur Conan Doyle
    The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes_6
  22. Jorge Luis Borges
  23. Aesop
  24. Sappho
  25. Euripides
  26. The Book of Genesis_5
  27. Ecclesiastes_5
  28. Leonardo da Vinci
  29. Molière
  30. Percy Bysshe Shelley
  31. Lord Byron
  32. Hans Christian Andersen
  33. Edgar Allan Poe
    'The Fall of the House of Usher'_5
  34. Edgar Allan Poe
    'The Murders in the Rue Morgue'_5
  35. William Butler Yeats
  36. William Butler Yeats
    The Collected Poems of W B Yeats_5